Quick answer
"Lay out" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "preparar", and "design" is a noun which is often translated as "el diseño". Learn more about the difference between "lay out" and "design" below.
lay out
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to get ready)
a. preparar
Monica lays her school things out at night so she doesn't have to think about it in the morning.Mónica prepara las cosas de la escuela de noche para no tener que pensar en eso por la mañana.
b. ordenar
Steve laid out all the ingredients on the counter before making dinner.Steve ordenó todos los ingredientes sobre la cubierta antes de preparar la cena.
c. disponer
Carolina lays out her clothes on the bed before she gets in the shower.Carolina dispone su ropa sobre la cama antes de meterse a la ducha.
2. (to set forth)
a. exponer
The lawyer laid out his arguments for his client's innocence.El abogado expuso sus argumentos para demostrar la inocencia de su cliente.
3. (to arrange according to a plan)
a. diseñar
Patricia laid out the garden on paper before beginning to dig.Patricia diseñó el jardín en papel antes de comenzar a cavar.
b. hacer el trazado de
The architect laid out the basic plan for the shopping center.El arquitecto hizo el trazado del plano básico para el centro comercial.
c. componer
Before computers, a printer had to lay out each page by hand.Antes de las computadoras, un impresor tenía que componer cada página a mano.
4. (to spend)
a. desembolsar
How much did you have to lay out for your new car?¿Cuánto tuviste que desembolsar por el coche nuevo?
b. gastar
I laid out a fortune on our safari to Africa.Gasté una fortuna por el safari a África.
5. (to invest)
a. invertir
The government has laid out millions on railways.El gobierno invirtió millones en los ferrocarriles.
b. colocar
Rudy laid out $50 million on that real estate investment.Rudy colocó $50 millones en esa inversión de bienes raíces.
6. (to prepare for burial)
a. amortajar
The funeral home laid out and washed the body.La funeraria amortajó y lavó el cuerpo.
7. (to knock out)
a. dejar nocaut
Leonard laid out his opponent at the end of the seventh round.Leonard dejó nocaut a su contrincante al final del séptimo asalto.
b. noquear
The champion has won most of his fights by laying out his opponent.El campeón ganó la mayoría de sus peleas noqueando al contrincante.
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design(
dih
-
zayn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (drawing)
a. el diseño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'll send you the final design early next week.Le enviaré el diseño final a principios de la semana que viene.
b. el boceto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Why don't you show us your designs and then we can talk?¿Por qué no nos muestra sus bocetos y ya hablaremos?
2. (plan)
a. el proceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What's the design for this experiment like?¿Cómo es el proceso para este experimento?
3. (arrangement)
a. el diseño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The design of this kitchen is impractical.El diseño de esta cocina no es práctico.
4. (style)
a. las líneas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We love the fresh new design of these glasses.Nos encantan las líneas nuevas e innovadoras de estas gafas.
b. el estilo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
From our point of view, design is fundamental.Para nosotros, el estilo es fundamental.
5. (product)
a. el modelo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
To my mind, this manufacturer's latest design is too futuristic.Para mí, el último modelo de este fabricante es demasiado futurista.
6. (pattern)
a. el diseño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's an intricate design of leaves and flowers.Es un intrincado diseño de hojas y flores.
b. el motivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Rex was wearing a red tie with a blue design.Rex llevaba puesto una corbata roja con motivo en azul.
c. el dibujo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What does the design on the T-shirt represent?¿Qué representa el dibujo de la camiseta?
7. (intention)
a. el propósito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dictator's design was to flee the country.El propósito del dictador era huir del país.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to devise)
a. diseñar
Do you know who designed this museum?¿Sabes quién diseñó este museo?
9. (to develop)
a. planear
We are in the process of designing next year's course.Estamos en vías de planear el próximo curso.
b. estructurar
They are still designing the prevention program.Todavía están estructurando el programa de prevención.
designs
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
10. (intentions)
a. las intenciones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The criminal confessed his evil designs to his cellmate.El criminal le confesó sus malas intenciones a su compañero de celda.
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