Quick answer
"Laundry basket" is a noun which is often translated as "el cesto de la ropa sucia", and "hamper" is a noun which is often translated as "el cesto". Learn more about the difference between "laundry basket" and "hamper" below.
laundry basket
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
a. el cesto de la ropa sucia
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Why are all your clothes on the floor? Where is your laundry basket?¿Por qué está toda tu ropa en el suelo? ¿Dónde quedó tu cesto de la ropa sucia?
b. la cesta de la ropa sucia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to do your laundry. Bring me your laundry basket.Voy a lavar tu ropa. Tráeme tu cesta de la ropa sucia.
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hamper
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (laundry basket)
a. el cesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Put your dirty clothes in the hamper. I'll do a wash tomorrow.Pon tu ropa sucia en el cesto. Voy a lavar mañana.
b. el canasto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to do the laundry. The hamper's full now.Tengo que lavar la ropa. El canasto ya está lleno.
c. la cesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He flung his dirty jeans in the hamper and jumped into the shower.Lanzó sus jeans sucios a la cesta y se metió a la ducha.
2. (food basket)
a. la cesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
First prize in the raffle was a Christmas hamper with wine, cake, and preserves.El primer premio del sorteo era una cesta de Navidad con vino, pasteles y conservas.
b. la canasta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I spread out the blanket and opened the picnic hamper.Tendí la frazada y abrí la canasta de pícnic.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to make difficult)
a. dificultar
Rescue efforts were hampered by bad weather.Los esfuerzos de rescate se vieron dificultados por el mal tiempo.
b. obstaculizar
The teacher's strike is hampering the children's education.La huelga de maestros está obstaculizando la educación de los niños.
c. entorpecer
He was accused of hampering the inquiry by his failure to disclose relevant information.Se le acusó de entorpecer la investigación por no haber revelado información pertinente.
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