Quick answer
"Later" is an adverb which is often translated as "más tarde", and "vary" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "variar". Learn more about the difference between "later" and "vary" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (at a future time)
a. más tarde
Let's go later. I'm too tired now.Vayamos más tarde. Ahora estoy muy cansada.
b. después
I realized later that I left my keys at home.Me di cuenta después que había dejado las llaves en casa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (the one after)
a. posterior
I had to take a later flight because the meeting was postponed.Tuve que tomar un vuelo posterior porque habían aplazado la reunión.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to fluctuate)
a. variar
Because exchange rates change so frequently, prices may vary.Como el tipo de cambio cambia tan frecuentemente, los precios pueden variar.
2. (to differ)
a. variar
Penalties for such a crime will vary by region.Las penas por un delito así varían según la región.
3. (to diverge)
a. variar
He sued the retailer for selling items that varied greatly from what was advertised.Le puso un pleito al minorista por vender artículos que variaban mucho de lo que se anunciaba.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to change)
a. variar
After ten trials with no change in your results, it may be time to vary your experimental method.Después de diez pruebas sin ningún cambio en tus resultados, puede que haya llegado el momento de variar tu método experimental.
b. cambiar
Unlike with my old bicycle, I cannot vary the speed with this one.A diferencia de con mi vieja bicicleta, no puedo cambiar la velocidad con esta.
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