Quick answer
"Last" is an adjective which is often translated as "último", and "next" is an adjective which is often translated as "próximo". Learn more about the difference between "last" and "next" below.
last(
lahst
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (final)
a. último
I do not want to eat the last piece of cake.No quiero comerme el último trozo de pastel.
2. (most recent)
a. último
We went to the movies twice last week.Fuimos al cine dos veces la última semana.
b. pasado
I spent last summer at the beach.Pasé el verano pasado en la playa.
3. (least likely)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She's the last person I want to see right now.Ella es la última persona a la que quiero ver ahora.
That was the last thing I thought would happen.Era lo que menos pensaba que pasaría.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (in a series)
a. el último
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la última
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The youngest child is usually the last to leave home.El hijo menor es normalmente el último en irse de casa.
5. (all that remains)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm making a sandwich with the last of a jar of peanut butter.Me estoy haciendo un bocadillo con lo que queda de un tarro de mantequilla de maní.
This is the last I will smoke before quitting tobacco.Este es el último que me fumaré antes de dejar el tabaco.
6. (previous one)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I went to the dentist the day before last.Fui al dentista anteayer.
The next course is more interesting than the last.El siguiente curso es más interesante que el anterior.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (at the end)
a. último
As always, they arrived last to the party.Como siempre, llegaron últimos a la fiesta.
8. (finally)
a. por último
And last of all, cover it with chocolate chips.Y, por último, cúbralo de trocitos de chocolate.
9. (most recently)
a. última vez
When did you see them last?¿Cuándo los vio por última vez?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to continue)
a. durar
The German lesson lasted two hours.La clase de alemán duró dos horas.
11. (to remain usable)
a. durar
This blender is made to last for a lifetime.Esta batidora está fabricada para durar toda una vida.
12. (to be enough)
a. durar
We have enough bread to last a couple of days.Tenemos bastante pan para durar un par de días.
13. (to survive)
a. durar
The patient won't last much longer; his disease is advanced.El paciente no durará mucho, su enfermedad está avanzada.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
14. (to continue)
a. durar
One kilo of meat can last me a week.Un kilo de carne puede durarme una semana.
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next(
nehkst
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (following)
a. próximo
Next year I'm going to university.El próximo año voy a la universidad.
b. siguiente
What happened in the next chapter of the story?¿Qué pasó en el siguiente capítulo del cuento?
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm next, not you.Sigo yo, no tú.
Who's next? - I'm next!¿Ahora a quién le toca? - ¡Me toca a mí!
2. (adjacent)
a. de al lado
I could hear a person sleeping in the next room.Podía oír a una persona durmiendo en la habitación de al lado.
b. siguiente
They're having a party on the next street.Tienen fiesta en la siguiente calle.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (afterwards)
a. luego
First, grab that bag. Next, fill it with money.Primero, agarra esa bolsa. Luego, llénala de dinero.
b. después
What happened next? - We went home.¿Qué pasó después? - Fuimos a casa.
c. ahora (in the future)
And what happens next? - We could go to France.¿Y ahora qué ocurre? - Podríamos ir a Francia.
4. (on the following occasion)
a. la próxima vez
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When we meet next, I will be a doctor.La próxima vez que nos veamos, seré doctor.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (following person in line or rank)
a. el siguiente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la siguiente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Next in line, please!¡Que pase el siguiente en la fila!
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