Quick answer
"Landmark" is a noun which is often translated as "el punto de referencia", and "vicinity" is a noun which is often translated as "las inmediaciones". Learn more about the difference between "landmark" and "vicinity" below.
landmark(
lahnd
-
mark
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (orientation point)
a. el punto de referencia
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The campers used the river as a landmark to find their way.Los campistas utilizaron el río como punto de referencia para orientarse.
2. (monument)
a. el monumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Sydney Opera House is the best known landmark in the city.La Ópera de Sídney es el monumento más conocido de esta ciudad.
3. (milestone)
a. el mojón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
These landmarks marked the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire.Estos mojones demarcaban la frontera del Sacro Imperio Romano.
4. (important event)
a. el hito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
"Tristan and Isolde," Wagner's opera, was a landmark in the history of music.La ópera de Wagner, "Tristán e Isolda", marcó un hito en la historia de la música.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (representative)
a. emblemático
It is considered to be a landmark novel of the 20th century.Está considerada como una de las novelas emblemáticas del siglo XX.
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vicinity
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (area around)
a. las inmediaciones
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are no gas stations in the vicinity, so make sure to fill your tank.No hay gasolineras en las inmediaciones, así que asegúrate de llenar el tanque.
b. los alrededores
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Monday will be another cold day in Buenos Aires and vicinity.El lunes será otro día frío en Buenos Aires y sus alrededores.
c. la zona
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Are there any restaurants in the vicinity?¿Hay restaurantes en la zona?
2. (nearness)
a. la proximidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I chose this restaurant on its vicinity to the stadium so we can get to the game on time.Escogí este restaurante debido a su proximidad al estadio para poder llegar al partido a tiempo.
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