Quick answer
"Landmark" is a noun which is often translated as "el punto de referencia", and "breakthrough" is a noun which is often translated as "el avance". Learn more about the difference between "landmark" and "breakthrough" below.
landmark(
lahnd
-
mark
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (orientation point)
a. el punto de referencia
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The campers used the river as a landmark to find their way.Los campistas utilizaron el río como punto de referencia para orientarse.
2. (monument)
a. el monumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Sydney Opera House is the best known landmark in the city.La Ópera de Sídney es el monumento más conocido de esta ciudad.
3. (milestone)
a. el mojón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
These landmarks marked the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire.Estos mojones demarcaban la frontera del Sacro Imperio Romano.
4. (important event)
a. el hito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
"Tristan and Isolde," Wagner's opera, was a landmark in the history of music.La ópera de Wagner, "Tristán e Isolda", marcó un hito en la historia de la música.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (representative)
a. emblemático
It is considered to be a landmark novel of the 20th century.Está considerada como una de las novelas emblemáticas del siglo XX.
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breakthrough(
breyk
-
thru
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (important discovery)
a. el avance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A team of international scientists announced a medical breakthrough that could improve millions of lives.Un equipo de científicos internacionales anunció un avance médico que podría mejorar millones de vidas.
b. el adelanto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cloning technology is a scientific breakthrough in the field of genetic engineering.La tecnología de la clonación es un adelanto científico en el campo de la ingeniería genética.
2. (military)
a. el avance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The general led his troops in the breakthrough of the enemy's defensive lines.El general condujo sus tropas en el avance sobre las líneas defensivas del enemigo.
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