Quick answer
"Junior" is an adjective which is often translated as "más joven", and "senior" is an adjective which is often translated as "mayor". Learn more about the difference between "junior" and "senior" below.
junior(
ju
-
nyuhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (younger)
a. más joven
Manuel is junior to his cousin Ben.Manuel es más joven que su primo Ben.
2. (of lower rank)
a. subalterno
He was named to a junior post in the energy department.Lo nombraron en un puesto subalterno en el departamento de energía.
3. (for younger people)
a. juvenil
The junior fashions this year are very colorful.La moda juvenil este año es muy colorida.
b. para jóvenes
Do you have this dress in a junior size?¿Tienes este vestido en una talla para jóvenes?
4. (differentiating a son from his father)
a. hijo
Michael, Junior takes after his father, Michael, Senior, in his knowledge of design.Michael, hijo, se parece a su papá, Michael, padre, en su conocimiento del diseño.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(son)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. hijo
Junior, can you help me with this please?Hijo, ¿me ayudas con esto por favor?
6. (younger person)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His wife is ten years his junior.Le lleva diez años a su esposa.
Paloma is two years Cynthia's junior.Paloma es dos años menor que Cynthia.
7. (student)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de penúltimo año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de penúltimo año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or college)
Monica is a junior at UCLA.Mónica es una estudiante de penúltimo año en la UCLA.
b. el estudiante de tercer año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de tercer año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or college)
My daughter is a junior and my son is a senior in high school.Mi hija es estudiante de tercer año y mi hijo es estudiante de cuarto año en la escuela secundaria.
8. (student) (United Kingdom)
a. el estudiante de primaria
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de primaria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(primary school)
Benjy is a junior at the Abbey Hey Primary Academy.Benjy es un estudiante de primaria en la academia primaria Abbey Hey.
9. (person of lower rank)
a. el subalterno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la subalterna
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Minerva is Susana's junior.Minerva es la subalterna de Susana.
10. (sports)
a. el juvenil
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la juvenil
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is his last year as a junior. Next year he'll be 20.Este es su último año como juvenil. El año que viene cumplirá 20.
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senior(
si
-
nyuhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (older)
a. mayor
She is three years senior to him.Ella es tres años mayor que él.
b. padre
Allow me to introduce you to Arnold Junior and Arnold Senior.Permítame presentarle a Arnold, hijo y Arnold, padre.
2. (of high rank)
a. superior
Esteban is a senior officer at the organization.Esteban es un oficial superior en la organización.
b. de responsabilidad (position)
Only two women occupy senior positions within the company.Solo dos mujeres ocupan cargos de responsabilidad en la empresa.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (senior citizen)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la persona mayor
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a painting class for seniors at the community center.Hay una clase de pintura para personas mayores en el centro comunitario.
b. la persona de la tercera edad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Is there a discount for seniors?¿Hay un descuento para las personas de la tercera edad?
4. (person older than someone)
a. mayor
She is ten years his senior.Ella es diez años mayor que él.
5. (person of higher rank)
a. el superior
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to get authorization from my senior first.Antes necesito autorización de mi superior.
6. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante del último año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante del último año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Ryan is a senior at Harvard.Ryan es un estudiante del último año en Harvard.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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