Quick answer
"Judging" is a form of "judge", a noun which is often translated as "el/la juez". "Perceiving" is a form of "perceive", a transitive verb which is often translated as "percibir". Learn more about the difference between "judging" and "perceiving" below.
judge(
juhj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (profession)
a. el juez
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la juez
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The judge's decision was appealed.Se apeló el fallo del juez.
b. la jueza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(feminine)
She just celebrated 20 years of working as a supreme court judge.Acaba de celebrar 20 años trabajando como jueza en la corte suprema.
2. (in a contest)
a. el juez
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la jueza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The judges were unanimous in their decision.Los jueces tomaron una decisión unánime.
b. el miembro del jurado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la miembro del jurado
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are three judges per category.Hay tres miembros del jurado por categoría.
3. (expert)
a. el conocedor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la conocedora
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's an excellent judge of horses.Es un gran conocedor de los caballos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (legal)
a. juzgar
Criminal cases are judged by a jury.Los casos penales son juzgados por un jurado.
b. declarar
The law was judged unconstitutional.La ley fue declarada inconstitucional.
5. (to be part of a panel)
a. ser miembro del jurado de
She judged the contest in 2004.Fue miembro del jurado de la competición en 2004.
6. (to estimate)
a. calcular
I judge this must be around 10 kilos.Calculo que esto debe rondar los 10 kilos.
7. (to consider)
a. considerar
Public opinion judged the measures to be out of date.La opinión pública consideró que las medidas estaban desfasadas.
b. juzgar
I judged it to be prudent to wait.Juzgué prudente esperar.
8. (to censure)
a. juzgar
You shouldn't judge them so harshly.No deberías juzgarlos con tanta dureza.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (legal)
a. dictar sentencia
It must be difficult to judge while being under so much pressure from the media.Debe ser difícil dictar sentencia estando sometido a tanta presión mediática.
10. (to deduce)
a. juzgar
Judging from appearances, they are well off.A juzgar por las apariencias, tienen una buena situación económica.
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perceive(
puhr
-
siv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to sense)
a. percibir
The psychologist perceived that there was tension between Juan and Lucia when they entered the room.El psicólogo percibió que había tensión entre Juan y Lucía cuando entraron en el cuarto.
2. (to become aware of)
a. notar
I perceived a hint of sarcasm in her voice when she responded.Noté un poco de sarcasmo en su voz cuando respondió.
b. darse cuenta de
I perceived the student's confusion on the assignment and offered to help him.Me di cuenta de la confusión del estudiante por la tarea y ofrecí ayudarlo.
c. percatarse de
We need new leaders because the politicians in office are failing to perceive the gravity of climate change.Necesitamos nuevos líderes, porque los políticos en funciones no están percatándose de la gravedad del cambio climático.
3. (to regard)
a. considerar
The natives of the region perceived the tourists' customs as rude.Los nativos de la región consideraron las costumbres de las turistas como maleducadas.
b. ver
Although the landlord was cordial to his friends, his tenants perceived him as a tyrant.Aunque el terrateniente era cordial con sus amigos, sus arrendatarios lo veían como un tirano.
4. (to understand)
a. comprender
Michael perceived that no matter what he did, he would not convince her to go on a date with him.Michael comprendió que hiciera lo que hiciera, no la convencería a salir con él.
b. entender
The boy finally perceived why his parents had spent so much money on his education.El chico finalmente entendió por qué sus padres habían gastado tanto dinero en su educación.
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