Quick answer
"Jolly" is an adjective which is often translated as "alegre", and "fairly" is an adverb which is often translated as "con justicia". Learn more about the difference between "jolly" and "fairly" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (cheerful)
a. alegre
That jolly old man really looks like Santa Claus.Ese viejito alegre se parece mucho a Papá Noel.
We had a jolly Christmas party.Tuvimos una alegre fiesta navideña.
2. (pleasant)
a. agradable
I like Claudio. He has a jolly smile.Me cae bien Claudio, tiene una sonrisa agradable.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(intensifier) (United Kingdom)
a. muy
Did you enjoy the concert? - Oh yes, it was jolly good.¿Te gustó el concierto? - Oh, sí, estuvo muy bueno.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The children had a jolly time at the park today.Los niños se la pasaron bastante bien hoy en el parque.
Yes, it sounds like your Masters thesis was jolly difficult.Sí, parece que tu tesis de maestría fue difilicísimo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to coax)
a. animar
He was going 25 in a 60 zone. I tried to jolly him with some hand signals, but he was not appreciative.Iba a 25 en una zona de 60. Traté de animarle mediante señas, pero no supo apreciarlo.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (a pleasure trip or tour made by an official at public expense) (United Kingdom)
a. el viajecito pagado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The prime minister was heavily criticized for his four-day jolly to Paris to be the guest of honor in a parade.El primer ministro fue severamente criticado por su viajecito pagado de cuatro días a París para ser el invitado de honor en un desfile.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (justly)
a. con justicia
The prisoners were treated fairly and humanely.Se trató a los prisioneros con justicia y humanamente.
b. justamente
The tribunal decided that the company had acted fairly.El tribunal decidió que la empresa había actuado justamente.
c. con imparcialidad
Everyone has a right to be treated fairly.Todos tienen derecho a ser tratados con imparcialidad.
d. equitativamente
The benefits of economic growth have not been distributed fairly.Los beneficios del crecimiento económico no se distribuyeron equitativamente.
2. (by the rules)
a. limpiamente
We won this election fairly.Hemos ganado estas elecciones limpiamente.
b. limpio
He accused him of not playing fairly.Lo acusó de no jugar limpio.
3. (quite)
a. bastante
Opening a bank account is a fairly straightforward process.Abrir una cuenta bancaria es un proceso bastante sencillo.
4. (as intensifier)
a. verdaderamente
My uncle fairly jumped from his seat at the news of my cousin's marriage.Mi tío verdaderamente saltó del asiento ante la noticia del casamiento de mi primo.
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