Quick answer
"Jail" is a noun which is often translated as "la cárcel", and "prison" is a noun which is often translated as "la prisión". Learn more about the difference between "jail" and "prison" below.
jail(
jeyl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (prison)
a. la cárcel
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can end up in jail for robbery.Puedes acabar en la cárcel por robo.
b. la prisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Many jails are plagued by overcrowding.Muchas prisiones están plagadas de hacinamiento.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (related to jail)
a. de prisión
This activity is punishable with a jail sentence of up to two years.Esta actividad es punible con una pena de prisión de hasta dos años.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to imprison)
a. encarcelar
The judge jailed him for theft.El juez lo encarceló por hurto.
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prison(
prih
-
zihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (correctional facility)
a. la prisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My father works as a guard at the state prison.Mi padre trabaja como guardia en la prisión estatal.
b. la cárcel
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was in prison on a wrongful conviction, but now he's been acquitted.Estuvo en la cárcel por una condena injusta, pero ahora lo absolvieron.
2. (imprisonment)
a. la prisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Even one year of prison can change you forever.Aun un año de prisión te puede cambiar de por siempre.
b. la cárcel
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The organization isn't sure that prison is always the best option.La organización no está convencida de que la cárcel siempre sea la mejor opción.
3. (loss of freedom)
a. la prisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I've been working such long hours that the office has become a prison.He estado trabajando tantas horas que la oficina se ha convertido en una prisión.
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