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Quick answer
"Isolate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aislar", and "separate" is an adjective which is often translated as "separado". Learn more about the difference between "isolate" and "separate" below.
isolate(
ay
-
suh
-
leyt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to separate)
a. aislar
By applying sanctions, the US wanted to isolate Cuba from the rest of the world.Al imponer sanciones, los Estados Unidos querían aislar a Cuba del resto del mundo.
2. (to identify)
a. aislar
Researchers have now managed to isolate the virus that is causing the epidemic.Los investigadores han logrado aislar el virus que causa la epidemia.
3. (to quarantine)
a. aislar
We need to isolate the patient immediately if she has the ebola virus.Habrá que aislar al paciente de inmediato si tiene el virus del ébola.
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separate(
sehp
-
uh
-
ruht
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (autonomous)
a. separado
My wife and I have separate bank accounts.Mi esposa y yo tenemos cuentas bancarias separadas.
b. independiente
The country could break apart into three separate states.El país podría dividirse en tres estados independientes.
2. (physically apart)
a. aparte
His studio is in a separate building from the house.Su estudio está en un edificio aparte de la casa.
3. (different)
a. distinto
We have met on three separate occasions.Hemos coincidido en tres ocasiones distintas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to keep apart)
a. separar
The differences that separate us are of little consequence.Las diferencias que nos separan carecen de importancia.
5. (to move apart)
a. separar
It was impossible for the police to separate the rival fans.La policía no conseguía separar a los hinchas de los equipos rivales.
6. (to differentiate)
a. distinguir
You need to separate love from infatuation.Tienes que distinguir entre el amor y un capricho pasajero.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to stop living together)
a. separarse
It's so sad that they separated. They were the perfect couple.Qué triste que se separaran. Eran la pareja perfecta.
8. (to move apart)
a. separarse
The two continents separated from each other.Los dos continentes se separaron entre sí.
b. desprenderse
His ligaments have separated from the bone.Los ligamentos se le han desprendido del hueso.
9. (to divide)
a. dividirse
The empire separated into four kingdoms.El imperio se dividió en cuatro reinos.
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