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Quick answer
"Insult" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "insultar", and "you" is a pronoun which is often translated as "tú". Learn more about the difference between "insult" and "you" below.
insult(
ihn
-
suhlt
,
ihn
-
suhlt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to affront)
a. insultar
The man in the store began to shout and insult me without any kind of provocation.El hombre de la tienda empezó a chillarme e insultarme sin provocación alguna por mi parte.
b. ofender
I wasn't trying to insult her, but rather to offer her some constructive criticism.No quería ofenderla, sino hacerle una crítica constructiva.
c. injuriar
He is accused of insulting and hitting several of his employees.Se le acusa de injuriar y golpear a varios de sus empleados.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (affront)
a. el insulto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think the party's campaign is an insult to the voters' intelligence.Yo creo que la campaña del partido es un insulto a la inteligencia de los votantes.
b. la ofensa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They took our lack of trust as an insult.Se tomaron nuestra falta de confianza como una ofensa.
c. la injuria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I shall not tolerate such insults from scum like you.No toleraré injurias semejantes de escoria como tú.
d. la afrenta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Insults against the king will be severely punished.Toda afrenta al rey será severamente castigada.
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you(
yu
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (subject; used to address one person)
a.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
You are so tall, Sam.Tú eres bien alto, Sam.
b. usted
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
These pants will suit you, sir, because you are short.Estos pantalones le quedarán bien, señor, porque usted es bajo.
c. vos
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
You've been to New York, haven't you?Vos estuviste en Nueva York, ¿verdad?
2. (object; used to address one person)
a. te
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
I'll see you there.Te veré allí.
b. le
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
I'll tell you where to go.Le diré a dónde ir.
c. lo
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(masculine) (singular)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I think I saw you in the park yesterday.Creo que lo vi en el parque ayer.
d. la (feminine)
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
La llamé ayer.I called you yesterday.
e. ti
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular) (after a preposition)
I'll do it for you.Lo haré por ti.
f. usted
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular) (after a preposition)
Do you like to play basketball?¿A usted le gusta jugar al baloncesto?
3. (subject; used to address multiple people)
a. ustedes (plural)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
You two are funny.Ustedes dos son chistosos.
b. vosotros (masculine or mixed gender) (plural)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Are you hungry, guys?¿Vosotros tenéis hambre, chicos?
c. vosotras (feminine) (plural)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
You are all very beautiful.Vosotras sois todas muy hermosas.
4. (object; used to address multiple people)
a. les (plural)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I am going to buy you lunch.Voy a comprarles el almuerzo.
b. os
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(plural)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
What do you think?¿Qué os parece?
c. les
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(plural)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I'll let you know the meeting date by Friday.Les comunicaré la fecha de la reunión antes del viernes.
d. ustedes (plural) (after a preposition)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I'm going with you.Voy con ustedes.
e. vosotros
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(plural) (after a preposition)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Where are the keys? - I gave them to you.Where are the keys? - I gave them to you.
f. vosotras
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(plural) (after a preposition)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Do you like wine?¿A vosotras os gusta el vino?
5. (impersonal)
a. se
You don't lie to your parents.No se miente a los padres.
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