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Quick answer
"Insult" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "insultar", and "offend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ofender". Learn more about the difference between "insult" and "offend" below.
insult(
ihn
-
suhlt
,
ihn
-
suhlt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to affront)
a. insultar
The man in the store began to shout and insult me without any kind of provocation.El hombre de la tienda empezó a chillarme e insultarme sin provocación alguna por mi parte.
b. ofender
I wasn't trying to insult her, but rather to offer her some constructive criticism.No quería ofenderla, sino hacerle una crítica constructiva.
c. injuriar
He is accused of insulting and hitting several of his employees.Se le acusa de injuriar y golpear a varios de sus empleados.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (affront)
a. el insulto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think the party's campaign is an insult to the voters' intelligence.Yo creo que la campaña del partido es un insulto a la inteligencia de los votantes.
b. la ofensa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They took our lack of trust as an insult.Se tomaron nuestra falta de confianza como una ofensa.
c. la injuria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I shall not tolerate such insults from scum like you.No toleraré injurias semejantes de escoria como tú.
d. la afrenta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Insults against the king will be severely punished.Toda afrenta al rey será severamente castigada.
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offend(
uh
-
fehnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to hurt)
a. ofender
Rose said she didn't mean to offend Hillary with her comment.Rose dijo que no tenía la intención de ofender a Hillary con su comentario.
b. hacer daño a
Harold's shrill voice offends my ears.La voz chillona de Harold me hace daño al oído.
2. (to violate)
a. ir en contra de
Kierkegaard argued that the concept of God becoming man in the form of Jesus offends reason.Kierkegaard sostenía que el concepto de que Dios se haya hecho hombre en la forma de Jesús va en contra de la razón.
b. atentar contra
Seeing a killer walk free offends our sense of justice.Ver a un asesino salir en libertad atenta contra nuestro sentido de justicia.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to cause offense)
a. resultar ofensivo
It's not a family play. It has language that may offend.No es una obra para la familia. Usa lenguaje que puede resultar ofensivo.
4. (to violate; used with "against")
a. atentar contra
I can't believe that movie won an Oscar. It offends against good taste.No puedo creer que esa película haya ganado un Oscar. Atenta contra el buen gusto.
5. (to commit a crime)
a. delinquir
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Men are more likely to offend than women.La probabilidad de delinquir es mayor entre los hombres que entre las mujeres.
b. infringir la ley
Working-class kids who offend tend to be seen as criminals.A los chicos de clase trabajadora que violan la ley se los suele ver como delincuentes.
c. cometer un delito
The penalties imposed for offending should re-socialize the individual.Las penas impuestas por cometer un delito deben resocializar al individuo.
d. cometer una infracción
The first time you offend, the fine will be only up to $15.La primera vez que cometas una infracción, la multa va a ser solo de hasta $15.
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