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Quick answer
"Institution" is a noun which is often translated as "la institución", and "institute" is a noun which is often translated as "el instituto". Learn more about the difference between "institution" and "institute" below.
institution(
ihn
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stih
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tu
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shihn
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A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (organization)
a. la institución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The institution was founded by a group of ex-convicts.La institución fue establecida por un grupo de exconvictos.
b. el organismo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Estela has worked for several international financial institutions, including the IMF.Estela ha trabajado en varios organismos financieros internacionales, incluido el FMI.
c. el colegio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(professional)
Marcos became a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers after graduating.Tras licenciarse, Marcos se inscribió en el Colegio de Ingenieros Civiles.
2. (tradition)
a. la institución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Some people say the institution of marriage has been in decline since the second half of the 20th century.Hay gente que dice que la institución del matrimonio ha estado en declive desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX.
3. (well-established person)
a. la institución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You could say that Walter Cronkite was a national institution in the United States.Se podría decir que Walter Cronkite era una institución nacional en los Estados Unidos.
4. (residential establishment)
a. el hospital psiquiátrico
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for mental patients)
After his second suicide attempt, his doctor recommended a period in an institution.Tras su segundo intento de suicidio, su médico recomendó que se le internara por un tiempo en un hospital psiquiátrico.
b. el manicomio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(pejorative)
(for mental patients)
Many women were shut away in institutions for the most trivial reasons - post-natal depression, for example.Muchas mujeres fueron encerradas en manicomios por motivos nimios, como depresión posparto, por ejemplo.
c. la residencia de ancianos
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for the elderly)
Only a small proportion of elderly people live in institutions.Solo una pequeña proporción de personas mayores vive en residencias de ancianos.
d. el asilo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for the elderly)
I'm not going into an institution. I'm going to die in my own home.No me iré a un asilo, me moriré en mi casa.
e. el centro de menores
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for minors)
Her father died and her mother was a drug addict, so she spent most of her childhood in an institution.Su padre murió y su madre era drogadicta, así que pasó la mayor parte de su niñez en un centro de menores.
5. (initiation)
a. la iniciación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His election as president heralded the institution of a new social order.Su elección como presidente anunció la iniciación de un nuevo orden social.
b. la institución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What the ministry is proposing is the institution of a new system of educational assessment.Lo que propone el ministerio es la institución de un nuevo sistema de evaluación escolar.
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institute(
ihn
-
stih
-
tut
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
a. el instituto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The results of the project are in a study published by the Institute of Medicine.Los resultados del proyecto aparecen en un estudio publicado por el Instituto de Medicina.
b. el colegio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
On the job application form, they want to know if I belong to any professional institutes.En el formulario de solicitud para el trabajo, quieren saber si pertenezco a algún colegio profesional.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to establish)
a. establecer
The government instituted a system of bonuses for teachers willing to relocate.El gobierno estableció un sistema de primas para profesores que estén dispuestos a mudarse.
b. instituir
The minister proposed to institute a series of administrative reforms in the education system.El ministro se propuso instituir una serie de reformas administrativas en el sistema educativo.
c. instaurar
We aim to institute formal training programs for all staff.Es nuestra intención instaurar programas formales de capacitación para todo el personal.
3. (to start)
a. iniciar
Complaints were made about the conduct of certain members of staff at the hospital, and an official inquiry has been instituted.Se presentaron quejas sobre la conducta de ciertos miembros del personal del hospital, y se inició una investigación oficial.
4. (legal)
a. entablar
They instituted proceedings against him for breach of contract.Le entablaron juicio por incumplimiento de contrato.
b. iniciar
After the second warning about his behavior, his employer instituted disciplinary proceedings.Tras la segunda advertencia sobre su conducta, su jefe inició medidas disciplinarias.
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