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Quick answer
"Inspect" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "inspeccionar", and "revise" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "modificar". Learn more about the difference between "inspect" and "revise" below.
inspect
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to look at closely)
a. inspeccionar
The customs agent inspected her passport, smiled, and stamped it.El agente de aduanas inspeccionó su pasaporte, sonrió y lo selló.
b. examinar
Upon inspecting the camera, he found that the lens cap was still on.Al examinar la cámara, encontró que la tapa del objetivo aún estaba puesta.
c. revisar
The dentist inspected her teeth to make sure she didn't have any cavities.La dentista le examinó los dientes para confirmar que no tenía caries.
2. (to examine officially)
a. inspeccionar
The fire marshal came to inspect the school to make sure everything was up to code.El inspector del departamento de bomberos vino a inspeccionar la escuela para comprobar que todo estuviera en regla.
b. pasar revista a (military)
The general will be arriving in the morning to inspect the troops.El general llegará en la mañana para pasar revista a las tropas.
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revise(
rih
-
vayz
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to alter)
a. modificar
The existing legislation needs to be revised to take into account developments in technology.Hay que modificar la legislación vigente para tomar en cuenta los avances tecnológicos.
b. ajustar
The company's expected losses have been revised upward to $8 million.Ajustaron al alza las pérdidas esperadas de la empresa a una cifra de $8 millones.
c. cambiar
The way she treated that poor man caused me to revise my opinion of her.La forma en que trató a ese pobre hombre hizo que cambiara mi opinión de ella.
2. (to update)
a. revisar
This new edition of the dictionary has been extensively revised and updated.Esta nueva edición del diccionario ha sido exhaustivamente revisada y actualizada.
b. corregir
After consulting with colleagues, she revised her draft proposal.Tras consultar con sus colegas, corrigió su borrador de propuesta.
3. (to reread) (United Kingdom)
a. repasar
I have hundreds of pages of notes to revise before Monday.Tengo que repasar cientos de páginas de apuntes para el lunes.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to reread previous work) (United Kingdom)
a. repasar
She had to spend the weekend revising while her friends were out enjoying themselves.Ella tuvo que pasar el fin de semana repasando mientras sus amigos salieron a divertirse.
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