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Quick answer
"Inspect" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "inspeccionar", and "look over" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "echar un vistazo a". Learn more about the difference between "inspect" and "look over" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to look at closely)
a. inspeccionar
The customs agent inspected her passport, smiled, and stamped it.El agente de aduanas inspeccionó su pasaporte, sonrió y lo selló.
b. examinar
Upon inspecting the camera, he found that the lens cap was still on.Al examinar la cámara, encontró que la tapa del objetivo aún estaba puesta.
c. revisar
The dentist inspected her teeth to make sure she didn't have any cavities.La dentista le examinó los dientes para confirmar que no tenía caries.
2. (to examine officially)
a. inspeccionar
The fire marshal came to inspect the school to make sure everything was up to code.El inspector del departamento de bomberos vino a inspeccionar la escuela para comprobar que todo estuviera en regla.
b. pasar revista a (military)
The general will be arriving in the morning to inspect the troops.El general llegará en la mañana para pasar revista a las tropas.
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look over(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to examine)
a. echar un vistazo a
Could you look this letter over for me before I send it?¿Me podrías echar un vistazo a esta carta antes de que la envíe?
b. inspeccionar
I'm sending you a copy of the contract, which I advise you to look over carefully.Te estoy enviando una copia del contrato, y te aconsejo inspeccionarlo detenidamente.
2. (to read quickly)
a. repasar
When I looked over what I'd already written, I realized I hadn't done enough research.Cuando repasé lo que ya había escrito, me di cuenta que no había investigado el asunto suficientemente.
3. (to make a tour of)
a. visitar
We're going to look over a couple of houses we're thinking of buying.Vamos a visitar un par de casas que pensamos comprar.
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