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Quick answer
"Injure" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "herir", and "ruin" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "arruinar". Learn more about the difference between "injure" and "ruin" below.
injure(
ihn
-
juhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wound)
a. herir
Two people were killed and eight were injured in the accident.Dos personas murieron y ocho resultaron heridas en el accidente.
b. lesionar
She has withdrawn from the games after injuring her shoulder.Tras lesionarse el hombro, se ha retirado de los juegos.
2. (to affect negatively)
a. dañar
Having to appear in court would injure his reputation.Tener que comparecer ante el tribunal dañaría su reputación.
b. perjudicar
The party does not want to do anything to injure its electoral prospects.El partido no quiere hacer nada que perjudique sus posibilidades de ganar las elecciones.
c. herir (pride or feelings)
She's perfectly all right. It was only her pride that was injured.Está perfectamente bien. Fue solo su orgullo que resultó herido.
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ruin(
ru
-
ihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to damage)
a. arruinar
My washing machine has ruined all my clothes!¡La lavadora me arruinó toda la ropa!
b. echar a perder
Sandra ruined her homework by accidentally spilling coffee on it.Sandra echó a perder su tarea al derramarle café encima por accidente.
c. estropear
The sudden storm ruined our picnic.La tormenta repentina estropeó nuestro picnic.
d. echar por tierra
Cheer up! Don't let this small accident ruin your birthday party.¡Ánimo! No dejes que este pequeño incidente eche por tierra tu fiesta de cumpleaños.
e. destruir
The coat of paint ruined the piano. It is not as loud as it used to be.La mano de pintura destruyó el piano. Ya no suena tan fuerte como antes.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (demise)
a. la perdición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His temper is going to be his ruin.Su mal genio va a ser su perdición.
3. (finance)
a. la bancarrota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The president's policies are leading the country to ruin.Las políticas del presidente están llevando el país a la bancarrota.
ruins
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
4. (remnants of a building)
a. las ruinas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Last year we visited the ruins of Machu Picchu.El año pasado visitamos las ruinas de Machu Picchu.
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