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Quick answer
"Injure" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "herir", and "hurt" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "hacer daño". Learn more about the difference between "injure" and "hurt" below.
injure(
ihn
-
juhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wound)
a. herir
Two people were killed and eight were injured in the accident.Dos personas murieron y ocho resultaron heridas en el accidente.
b. lesionar
She has withdrawn from the games after injuring her shoulder.Tras lesionarse el hombro, se ha retirado de los juegos.
2. (to affect negatively)
a. dañar
Having to appear in court would injure his reputation.Tener que comparecer ante el tribunal dañaría su reputación.
b. perjudicar
The party does not want to do anything to injure its electoral prospects.El partido no quiere hacer nada que perjudique sus posibilidades de ganar las elecciones.
c. herir (pride or feelings)
She's perfectly all right. It was only her pride that was injured.Está perfectamente bien. Fue solo su orgullo que resultó herido.
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hurt(
huhrt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cause pain to)
a. hacer daño
The thieves did not hurt the family during the robbery.Los ladrones no le hicieron daño a la familia durante el robo.
b. lastimar
You hurt me when you pushed me from behind.Me lastimaste cuando me empujaste desde atrás.
c. doler (emotionally)
His lack of support hurt me deeply.Su falta de apoyo me dolió muchísimo.
2. (to injure)
a. hacerse daño
I hurt my wrist when I fell down.Me hice daño en la muñeca cuando me caí.
b. lastimarse
He hurt his foot playing soccer.Se lastimó el pie jugando al fútbol.
3. (to affect adversely)
a. perjudicar
The speculation hurt our economy.La especulación perjudicó nuestra economía.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to cause pain)
a. doler
After shopping for two hours, my feet hurt.Después de ir de compras dos horas, me dolían los pies.
The truth does hurt sometimes.De vez en cuando puede doler la verdad.
b. sufrir (emotional)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
She is hurting right now. It was a difficult breakup.Ella está sufriendo en este momento. Fue un separación dolorosa.
5. (to have an adverse effect)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Do you think I should call him? - It can't hurt.¿Piensas que lo debería llamar? - No pierdes nada con hacerlo.
Eating another donut wouldn't hurt, right?No pasa nada si me como otra dona, ¿no?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (injured)
a. lastimado
Their star player is hurt and won't play in this game.Su jugador estrella está lastimado y no jugará en este partido.
b. herido
He could not finish the race because he was hurt.No pudo acabar la carrera porque estaba herido.
c. dolido (emotionally)
I am hurt by your lack of trust in me.Estoy dolido por tu falta de confianza en mí.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (emotional pain)
a. el dolor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I could see the hurt in her eyes.Pude ver el dolor en su mirada.
b. la pena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have to move past the hurt of your failed relationships.Tienes que sobreponerte a la pena de tus relaciones fallidas.
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