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Quick answer
"Injure" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "herir", and "harm" is a noun which is often translated as "el daño". Learn more about the difference between "injure" and "harm" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wound)
a. herir
Two people were killed and eight were injured in the accident.Dos personas murieron y ocho resultaron heridas en el accidente.
b. lesionar
She has withdrawn from the games after injuring her shoulder.Tras lesionarse el hombro, se ha retirado de los juegos.
2. (to affect negatively)
a. dañar
Having to appear in court would injure his reputation.Tener que comparecer ante el tribunal dañaría su reputación.
b. perjudicar
The party does not want to do anything to injure its electoral prospects.El partido no quiere hacer nada que perjudique sus posibilidades de ganar las elecciones.
c. herir (pride or feelings)
She's perfectly all right. It was only her pride that was injured.Está perfectamente bien. Fue solo su orgullo que resultó herido.
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A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (damage)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The harm caused by the chemical spill is horrifying.El daño causado por el derrame de sustancias químicas es horroroso.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to cause damage)
a. dañar
The oil spill harmed this fragile ecosystem.El derrame de petróleo daño este frágil ecosistema.
b. lastimar
I would never harm an unarmed man.Nunca lastimaría a un hombre indefenso.
c. hacer daño
This vaccination won't harm you at all.Esta vacuna no te hará daño alguno.
d. perjudicar
The scandal has harmed his chances for reelection.El escándalo ha perjudicado sus posibilidades de ser reelegido.
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