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Quick answer
"Injure" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "herir", and "damage" is a noun which is often translated as "el daño". Learn more about the difference between "injure" and "damage" below.
injure(
ihn
-
juhr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wound)
a. herir
Two people were killed and eight were injured in the accident.Dos personas murieron y ocho resultaron heridas en el accidente.
b. lesionar
She has withdrawn from the games after injuring her shoulder.Tras lesionarse el hombro, se ha retirado de los juegos.
2. (to affect negatively)
a. dañar
Having to appear in court would injure his reputation.Tener que comparecer ante el tribunal dañaría su reputación.
b. perjudicar
The party does not want to do anything to injure its electoral prospects.El partido no quiere hacer nada que perjudique sus posibilidades de ganar las elecciones.
c. herir (pride or feelings)
She's perfectly all right. It was only her pride that was injured.Está perfectamente bien. Fue solo su orgullo que resultó herido.
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damage(
dah
-
mihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (destruction)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The damage that the war has caused to the country's infrastructure will take years to repair.El daño que la guerra ha causado a las infraestructuras del país tardará años en repararse.
b. los daños
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The building sustained extensive damage in the earthquake.El edificio sufrió importantes daños en el terremoto.
2. (detrimental effect)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rumors have caused damage to my reputation.Los rumores provocaron un daño a mi reputación.
b. el perjuicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Floods have caused substantial economic damage this year.Este año, las inundaciones causaron un considerable perjuicio económico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to inflict harm on)
a. dañar
A famous painting was accidentally damaged by a visitor to the museum.Un visitante del museo dañó accidentalmente una pintura famosa.
4. (to cause a detrimental effect)
a. dañar
Poor defending is damaging the team's chances in this game.Una mala defensa está dañando las oportunidades del equipo en este partido.
b. perjudicar
Smoking can damage your health.Fumar puede perjudicar tu salud.
damages
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (legal)
a. los daños y perjuicios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defendant had to pay one million dollars in damages.El demandado tenía que pagar un millón de dólares en daños y perjuicios.
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