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Quick answer
"Imperfect tense" is a noun which is often translated as "el imperfecto", and "past" is a noun which is often translated as "el pasado". Learn more about the difference between "imperfect tense" and "past" below.
imperfect tense(
ihm
-
puhr
-
fihkt
 
tehns
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (grammar)
a. el imperfecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It has always been hard for me to know when to use the imperfect tense instead of the preterite.Siempre se me ha hecho difícil saber cuándo usar el imperfecto en lugar del pretérito.
b. el pretérito imperfecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The imperfect tense isn't as clear in English as it is in Spanish.El pretérito imperfecto no es tan claro en inglés como lo es en español.
c. el tiempo imperfecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Can you help me, professor? I don't understand the imperfect tense.¿Me puede ayudar, profesor? No entiendo el tiempo imperfecto.
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past(
pahst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time before the present)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That belongs in the past. It's time to move on.Eso pertenece al pasado. Es hora de seguir adelante.
2. (of a city or country)
a. la historia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country is finding it difficult to break free from its past.Al país le está resultando difícil liberarse de su historia.
3. (grammar)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, the past of regular verbs is formed by adding -ed at the end.En inglés, el pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo -ed al final.
b. el pretérito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The past is used to describe repeated past actions.El pretérito se usa para describir acciones repetidas en el pasado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (former)
a. anterior
He starts by reviewing past research on the subject.Empieza por revisar las anteriores investigaciones sobre el tema.
b. antiguo
The past and current presidents met to discuss the initiative.El antiguo presidente y el actual presidente se reunieron para discutir la iniciativa.
5. (most recent)
a. último
Prices have increased during the past year.Los precios han subido durante el último año.
6. (over)
a. remoto
Those days are long past.Aquellos tiempos ya son muy remotos.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
7. (with place)
a. por delante de
The bus goes past the park.El bus pasa por delante del parque.
b. mas allá de
My house is just past the bridge.Mi casa está un poco más allá del puente.
8. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past two.Son las dos y diez.
9. (outside the range of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How old is he? - He can't be past 25.¿Cuántos años tiene? - No puede tener más de 25.
I wouldn't put it past him to use force.Yo lo creo muy capaz de recurrir a la fuerza.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
10. (with verbs of motion)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Bullets were whizzing past.La balas pasaban zumbando.
They drove past the store to see if it was open.Pasaron en coche por la tienda a ver si estaba abierta.
11. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past already.Ya son y diez.
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