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Quick answer
"Impede" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "obstruir", and "hamper" is a noun which is often translated as "el cesto". Learn more about the difference between "impede" and "hamper" below.
impede(
ihm
-
pid
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to block)
a. obstruir
We can't put a table in front of that door because it would impede access to the emergency exit.No podemos poner una mesa delante de esa puerta porque obstruiría el acceso a la salida de emergencia.
b. impedir
The government was not able to impede the criminals from leaving the country.El gobierno no consiguió impedir que los criminales salieran del país.
2. (to make difficult)
a. dificultar
The blazer should fit you snugly, but not so much that it impedes your movement.La chaqueta debe quedarte ajustada, pero no tanto que te dificulte el movimiento.
b. obstaculizar
How can you work with so many distractions impeding your progress?¿Cómo puedes trabajar con tantas distracciones obstaculizando tu progreso?
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hamper
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (laundry basket)
a. el cesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Put your dirty clothes in the hamper. I'll do a wash tomorrow.Pon tu ropa sucia en el cesto. Voy a lavar mañana.
b. el canasto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to do the laundry. The hamper's full now.Tengo que lavar la ropa. El canasto ya está lleno.
c. la cesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He flung his dirty jeans in the hamper and jumped into the shower.Lanzó sus jeans sucios a la cesta y se metió a la ducha.
2. (food basket)
a. la cesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
First prize in the raffle was a Christmas hamper with wine, cake, and preserves.El primer premio del sorteo era una cesta de Navidad con vino, pasteles y conservas.
b. la canasta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I spread out the blanket and opened the picnic hamper.Tendí la frazada y abrí la canasta de pícnic.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to make difficult)
a. dificultar
Rescue efforts were hampered by bad weather.Los esfuerzos de rescate se vieron dificultados por el mal tiempo.
b. obstaculizar
The teacher's strike is hampering the children's education.La huelga de maestros está obstaculizando la educación de los niños.
c. entorpecer
He was accused of hampering the inquiry by his failure to disclose relevant information.Se le acusó de entorpecer la investigación por no haber revelado información pertinente.
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