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Quick answer
"Illustration" is a noun which is often translated as "la ilustración", and "picture" is a noun which is often translated as "la imagen". Learn more about the difference between "illustration" and "picture" below.
illustration
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (picture)
a. la ilustración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The colorful illustrations really bring to life the stories in this children's book.Las coloridas ilustraciones realmente hacen cobrar vida a las historias en este libro infantil.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(model)
a. el ejemplo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This graph is an illustration of our revenue over the last year.Esta curva es un ejemplo de nuestro ingreso a través del año pasado.
b. la ilustración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
As an illustration of the conflict between deliberation and action, let's read this passage from Hamlet.Como ilustración del conflicto entre la reflexión y la acción, leamos este pasaje de Hamlet.
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picture(
pihk
-
chuhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (visual representation)
a. la imagen
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A picture is worth a thousand words.Una imagen vale más que mil palabras.
b. la foto
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I took a lot of pictures of my friends at the party.Le saqué muchas fotos a mis amigas en la fiesta.
c. la fotografía
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I was admiring the pictures you took during your trip to the desert.Estuve admirando las fotografías que sacaste durante tu viaje al desierto.
d. la ilustración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(in books)
My son likes books with very colorful pictures.A mi hijo le gustan los libros con ilustraciones muy coloridas.
2. (art)
a. el cuadro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Which of the pictures in the museum is your favorite?¿Cuál de los cuadros del museo es tu favorito?
b. la pintura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We bought a print of one of the artist's most recognized pictures.Compramos una copia de una de las pinturas más reconocidas del artista.
c. el dibujo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The street artist quickly produced a picture of the skyline.El artista callejero rápidamente produjo un dibujo del perfil de la ciudad.
d. el retrato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It used to be customary for well-to-do individuals to have their pictures painted.Era antes la costumbre de la gente adinerada mandar a que se les pintara el retrato.
3. (situation)
a. el panorama
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If things aren't going well at home for the president, the international picture may even be worse.Con lo mal que le van las cosas al presidente en este país, el panorama internacional puede que sea aun peor.
4. (idea)
a. la idea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm trying to give you a picture of what is happening currently.Estoy intentando darte una idea de lo que está pasando actualmente.
5. (television)
a. la imagen
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The picture on the screen is fuzzy.La imagen en la pantalla se ve borrosa.
6. (film)
a. la película
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If the picture has dragons, my daughter wants to see it.Si la película tiene dragones, mi hija la quiere ver.
7. (embodiment)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He was the very picture of happiness on his wedding day.Era la felicidad personificada el día de su boda.
My doctor told me I was the picture of health.Mi doctora me dijo que yo era la viva imagen de la salud.
8. (beautiful sight)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The bride and groom were a picture as they exited the chapel.La novia y el novio se veían preciosos mientras salían de la iglesia.
The sunset on the beach was an absolute picture.La puesta de sol en playa era un verdadero espectáculo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9. (to imagine)
a. imaginarse
I had never pictured her with six children.Nunca me la hubiera imaginado con seis hijos.
10. (to portray)
a. representar
The profile pictured the actor as insecure and petty.El perfil representaba el actor como una persona insegura y mezquina.
pictures
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
11.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(movie theater)
a. el cine
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We're going to the pictures. Want to come?Nos vamos al cine. ¿Quieres acompañarnos?
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