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Quick answer
"Illuminate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "iluminar", and "magnify" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "magnificar". Learn more about the difference between "illuminate" and "magnify" below.
illuminate
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to light up)
a. iluminar
The mayor has proposed the use of solar energy to illuminate the streets.El alcalde propuso la utilización de energía solar para iluminar las calles.
b. alumbrar
The submarine illuminated the deep ocean with its bright light.El submarino alumbró las profundidades del océano con su luz brillante.
2. (to enlighten)
a. iluminar
The professor's talk illuminated me to the truth about climate change.La charla de la profesora me iluminaron a la verdad sobre el cambio climático.
3. (to clarify)
a. aclarar
Now that you have illuminated the situation, I understand your decision.Ya que has aclarado la situación, entiendo tu decisión.
b. echar luz sobre
The documentary illuminates the difficulties refugees face when they arrive in Europe.El documental echa luz sobre las dificultades a las que se enfrentan los refugiados cuando llegan a Europa.
c. esclarecer
A new study illuminates the causes of poverty in the region.Un nuevo estudio esclarece las causas de la pobreza en la región.
4. (fine arts)
a. iluminar
The manuscript was written and illuminated by medieval monks in the year 1164.El manuscrito fue escrito e iluminado por monjes medievales en el año 1164.
b. miniar
Special pigments were used to illuminate the manuscript.Se utilizaron pigmentos especiales para miniar el manuscrito.
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magnify
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to exaggerate)
a. magnificar
Reginald magnified the importance of his support in the election.Reginald magnificó la importancia de su apoyo en la elección.
b. exagerar
She used a spurious interpretation of the data to magnify the margin of her victory.Utilizó una interpretación espuria de los datos para exagerar el margen de su victoria.
2. (to enlarge)
a. ampliar
We magnified the image ten times to make the details more noticeable.Ampliamos la imagen diez veces para hacer los detalles más perceptibles.
b. aumentar
Barry is trying out ways to magnify his customer base for his business.Barry está probando maneras de aumentar la base de clientes de su negocio.
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