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Quick answer
"Illuminate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "iluminar", and "light" is a noun which is often translated as "la luz". Learn more about the difference between "illuminate" and "light" below.
illuminate
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to light up)
a. iluminar
The mayor has proposed the use of solar energy to illuminate the streets.El alcalde propuso la utilización de energía solar para iluminar las calles.
b. alumbrar
The submarine illuminated the deep ocean with its bright light.El submarino alumbró las profundidades del océano con su luz brillante.
2. (to enlighten)
a. iluminar
The professor's talk illuminated me to the truth about climate change.La charla de la profesora me iluminaron a la verdad sobre el cambio climático.
3. (to clarify)
a. aclarar
Now that you have illuminated the situation, I understand your decision.Ya que has aclarado la situación, entiendo tu decisión.
b. echar luz sobre
The documentary illuminates the difficulties refugees face when they arrive in Europe.El documental echa luz sobre las dificultades a las que se enfrentan los refugiados cuando llegan a Europa.
c. esclarecer
A new study illuminates the causes of poverty in the region.Un nuevo estudio esclarece las causas de la pobreza en la región.
4. (fine arts)
a. iluminar
The manuscript was written and illuminated by medieval monks in the year 1164.El manuscrito fue escrito e iluminado por monjes medievales en el año 1164.
b. miniar
Special pigments were used to illuminate the manuscript.Se utilizaron pigmentos especiales para miniar el manuscrito.
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light(
layt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (illumination)
a. la luz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We danced by the light of the moon.Bailamos a la luz de la luna.
2. (lamp)
a. la luz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Could you turn on the light, please?¿Podría encender la luz, por favor?
3. (traffic signal)
a. el semáforo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have to stop at the red light.Te tienes que detener cuando el semáforo está en rojo.
4. (fire)
a. el fuego
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Have you got a light?¿Tiene usted fuego?
5. (understanding or consideration)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
After the discussion, I saw him in a new light.Después de la conversación, lo vi con otros ojos.
In light of the recent shooting, all public schools will be closed Monday.Debido al tiroteo reciente, todas las escuelas públicas se cerrarán el lunes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (low-calorie)
a. bajo en calorías
We will use light mayo for the sauce.Utilizaremos mayonesa baja en calorías para la salsa.
b. light
If you want to consume fewer calories, buy light beer.Si quieres consumir menos calorías, compra cerveza light.
7. (not heavy)
a. ligero
He always packs a light suitcase when he travels.Siempre hace una maleta ligera cuando viaja.
b. liviano
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I should've brought a lighter jacket; this one is too warm.Me hubiera traído una chaqueta más liviana; esta es demasiado caliente.
8. (referring to colors)
a. claro
I prefer light blue for the background.Prefiero azul claro para el fondo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9. (to set alight)
a. encender
I will light the fire while you prepare dinner.Encenderé el fuego mientras tú haces la cena.
b. prender
The woman took a sip of wine and lighted a cigarette.La mujer dio un sorbo al vino y prendió un cigarrillo.
10. (to illuminate)
a. alumbrar
I lit the way at the camp with a flashlight.Alumbré el camino en el campamento con una linterna.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to catch fire)
a. encenderse
The fire took long to light because it was very windy.La hoguera tardó en encenderse porque hacía mucho viento.
b. prender
The logs were damp and wouldn't light.Los troncos estaban húmedos y no prendían.
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