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Quick answer
"Ill" is an adjective which is often translated as "enfermo", and "for good" is a phrase which is often translated as "para siempre". Learn more about the difference between "ill" and "for good" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (sick)
a. enfermo
He felt ill after eating the shrimp.Se sintió enfermo después de comer los camarones.
b. malo (colloquial)
He's ill and won't be going to school today.Está malo y no irá a la escuela hoy.
2. (bad)
a. malo
She's said to be a woman of ill repute, but I think she's misunderstood.Dicen que es una mujer de mala reputación, pero creo que es incomprendida.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (poorly)
a. mal
It is a lack of respect to speak ill of the dead.Es una falta de respeto hablar mal de los difuntos.
4. (scarcely)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I can ill afford to eat in a restaurant while I'm unemployed.No me puedo dar el lujo de comer en un restaurante mientras estoy sin empleo.
You can ill afford to make another mistake now that you're on probation.Mal puedes permitirte cometer otro error ahora que estás en libertad condicional.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (problem)
a. el mal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Don't allow the ills of the world to diminish the good you have in your hearts.No permitan que los males del mundo disminuyan el bien que tienen en sus corazones.
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for good(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. para siempre
I'm glad that nightmare is over for good.Qué alegría que esa pesadilla haya terminado para siempre.
b. definitivamente
My boyfriend left me, and this time, for good.Mi novio me dejó y, esta vez, definitivamente.
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