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Quick answer
"Ill" is an adjective which is often translated as "enfermo", and "disease" is a noun which is often translated as "la enfermedad". Learn more about the difference between "ill" and "disease" below.
ill(
ihl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (sick)
a. enfermo
He felt ill after eating the shrimp.Se sintió enfermo después de comer los camarones.
b. malo (colloquial)
He's ill and won't be going to school today.Está malo y no irá a la escuela hoy.
2. (bad)
a. malo
She's said to be a woman of ill repute, but I think she's misunderstood.Dicen que es una mujer de mala reputación, pero creo que es incomprendida.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (poorly)
a. mal
It is a lack of respect to speak ill of the dead.Es una falta de respeto hablar mal de los difuntos.
4. (scarcely)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I can ill afford to eat in a restaurant while I'm unemployed.No me puedo dar el lujo de comer en un restaurante mientras estoy sin empleo.
You can ill afford to make another mistake now that you're on probation.Mal puedes permitirte cometer otro error ahora que estás en libertad condicional.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (problem)
a. el mal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Don't allow the ills of the world to diminish the good you have in your hearts.No permitan que los males del mundo disminuyan el bien que tienen en sus corazones.
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disease(
dih
-
ziz
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (medicine)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Obesity is a disease that affects millions of people.La obesidad es una enfermedad que afecta a millones de personas.
b. la afección
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women.Las afecciones cardíacas son la causa principal de muerte tanto entre hombres como mujeres.
c. la dolencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It is a very serious disease.Se trata de una dolencia muy grave.
2. (negative aspect)
a. la enfermedad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Violence is a social disease and it should be treated as such.La violencia es una enfermedad social y debe ser tratada como tal.
b. el mal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In my opinion, superficiality is the greatest disease of our time.A mi parecer, la superficialidad es el gran mal de nuestro tiempo.
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