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Quick answer
"If not" is a phrase which is often translated as "si no", and "otherwise" is a conjunction which is often translated as "de lo contrario". Learn more about the difference between "if not" and "otherwise" below.
if not(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. si no
Are you free to have dinner tonight? If not, maybe tomorrow?¿Estás libre de cenar conmigo hoy? Si no, ¿quízás mañana?
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A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (in other circumstances)
a. de lo contrario
I hope we have good weather, otherwise I'll be disappointed.Espero que nos haga buen tiempo, de lo contrario me llevaré una desilusión.
b. si no
Put on sun lotion, otherwise you may burn.Ponte protector solar, si no, te puedes quemar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (in a different manner)
a. de otra manera
There cannot be justice otherwise.No puede haber justicia de otra manera.
3. (excepting all else)
a. por lo demás
My cat is sick, but otherwise it's a great day.Mi gato está enfermo, pero por lo demás es un día excelente.
b. aparte de eso
Jeremy just got divorced. Otherwise, his life is going well.Jeremy se acaba de divorciar. Aparte de eso, su vida va bien.
4. (not the same)
a. no lo mismo
Norma usually has an excellent memory, but after the accident it is otherwise.Norma suele tener muy buena memoria, pero después del accidente ya no es lo mismo.
b. otra cosa
The burgers are great, but the fries are otherwise.Las hamburguesas son excelentes, pero las papas son otra cosa.
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