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Quick answer
"Idiom" is a noun which is often translated as "el modismo", and "slang" is a noun which is often translated as "la jerga". Learn more about the difference between "idiom" and "slang" below.
idiom(
ih
-
di
-
uhm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (linguistics)
a. el modismo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Idioms present the greatest difficulties for learners of foreign languages.Los modismos presentan las dificultades más grandes para los estudiantes de lenguas extranjeras.
b. el giro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Idioms are difficult to understand because they cannot be translated directly.Los giros son difíciles de entender porque no pueden traducirse directamente.
2. (language)
a. el lenguaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Two historical linguists came to our university to study and document the patterns of this region's idiom.Dos lingüistas históricos vinieron a nuestra universidad para estudiar y documentar los patrones del lenguaje de esta región.
3. (style of expression)
a. el lenguaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The composer was praised for his original integration of the Baroque idiom with contemporary jazz music.El compositor fue alabado por su integración original del lenguaje barroco con la música jazz contemporánea.
b. el idioma
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
British films were thought to be too much in a middle-class or upper-class idiom.Se consideraba que las películas británicas usaban en exceso un idioma de clase media o alta.
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slang(
slahng
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (jargon)
a. la jerga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You'll never catch me wearing a hoodie and trying to talk slang with teenagers.Nunca me verás con una sudadera y tratando de hablar con los adolescentes en su jerga.
b. el argot
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
"Grass" is slang for "marijuana.""Grass" es "marijuana" en argot.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to abuse verbally)
a. criticar
I hope we can have a civilized meeting without ending up slanging each other as usual.Espero que podamos tener una reunión civilizada sin acabar criticándonos como de costumbre.
b. poner por los suelos a
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I can't stand working for a boss who is constantly slanging his team.No soporto trabajar para un jefe que esté continuamente poniendo a su equipo por los suelos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to abuse verbally)
a. criticar
That was just an hour of slanging between the two parties rather than proper political debate.Eso fue más bien una hora de criticarse entre los dos partidos que un verdadero debate político.
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