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Quick answer
"Understand" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "entender", and "noted" is an adjective which is often translated as "destacado". Learn more about the difference between "understand" and "noted" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to comprehend)
a. entender
He lived in Paris for three years and still doesn't understand a word of French.Vivió en París tres años y aún no entiende ni una palabra de francés.
b. comprender
My wife can understand even the most complex math problems.Mi esposa puede comprender aun los problemas matemáticos más complejos.
2. (to interpret)
a. entender
The troop movement can only be understood as a provocation.El movimiento de tropas solo se puede entender como una provocación.
3. (to have heard)
a. tener entendido
From what I understand, she got divorced.Según lo que tengo entendido, se divorció.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to comprehend)
a. entender
I hear what you are saying and I understand.Oigo lo que me dices y entiendo.
b. comprender
I was paying attention in class but I just didn't understand.Estaba prestando atención en clase pero simplemente no comprendí.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (of renown)
a. destacado
The bookstore invites noted authors to come and do book signings twice a year.La librería invita a autores destacados a venir para firmar libros dos veces al año.
b. renombrado
Mr. Bertini is one of the city's most noted philanthropists.El Sr. Bertini es uno de los filántropos más renombrados de la ciudad.
c. célebre
The noted chef recently launched a reality show about home cooking.El célebre chef recientemente lanzó un reality sobre la cocina casera.
d. famoso
I'm working to be a noted playwright one day.Estoy trabajando para llegar a ser un famoso dramaturgo algún día.
e. conocido
A noted recruiter was there at Friday's night game.Un conocido reclutador estuvo en el partido del viernes en la noche.
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