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Quick answer
"Guess" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "adivinar", and "sure" is an adjective which is often translated as "seguro". Learn more about the difference between "guess" and "sure" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to estimate)
a. adivinar
Guess what just happened!¡Adivina lo que acaba de suceder!
2. (to suppose)
a. suponer
I guess we should clean the house.Supongo que deberíamos limpiar la casa.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (estimate)
a. la suposición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My guess was wrong as they arrived at three o'clock.Mi suposición fue incorrecta ya que llegaron a las tres.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How many jellybeans do you think are in the jar? Take a guess!¿Cuántas gominas crees que hay en el frasco? ¡Adivina!
The students made lots of guesses but could not get the answer.Los estudiantes adivinaron muchas veces, pero no acertaron la respuesta.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to postulate)
a. adivinar
If you don't know, you can guess.Si no lo sabes, puedes adivinar.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (certain)
a. seguro
Are you sure that you want to eat another donut?¿Estás seguro de que quieras comer otra dona?
2. (confident)
a. seguro
Michael Jordan stepped onto the court, sure that he could beat Karl Malone.Michael Jordan entró a la cancha, seguro que podría vencer a Karl Malone.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (certainly)
a. de veras
Her new boyfriend sure is handsome.Su nuevo novio de veras es buenmozo.
b. de verdad
It sure is hot in the Sahara Desert.De verdad que hace calor en el desierto del Sahara.
c. sí que
It sure is coming down out there!¡Sí que está lloviendo afuera!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
4. (of course)
a. claro
Do you want to go to the movies? - Sure!¿Quieres ir al cine? - ¡Claro!
b. cómo no
Thanks for helping me out. - Sure!Gracias por ayudarme. - ¡Cómo no!
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