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Quick answer
"Guess" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "adivinar", and "suppose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "suponer". Learn more about the difference between "guess" and "suppose" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to estimate)
a. adivinar
Guess what just happened!¡Adivina lo que acaba de suceder!
2. (to suppose)
a. suponer
I guess we should clean the house.Supongo que deberíamos limpiar la casa.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (estimate)
a. la suposición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My guess was wrong as they arrived at three o'clock.Mi suposición fue incorrecta ya que llegaron a las tres.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How many jellybeans do you think are in the jar? Take a guess!¿Cuántas gominas crees que hay en el frasco? ¡Adivina!
The students made lots of guesses but could not get the answer.Los estudiantes adivinaron muchas veces, pero no acertaron la respuesta.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to postulate)
a. adivinar
If you don't know, you can guess.Si no lo sabes, puedes adivinar.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to assume)
a. suponer
We supposed that no one was home because all the lights were off.Supusimos que no había nadie en casa porque todas las luces estaban apagadas.
b. imaginar
I suppose you must be tired. Here is your room for the night.Imagino que has de estar cansada. Aquí está tu habitación para esta noche.
2. (to think)
a. suponer
Do you suppose we have enough time to eat?¿Supones que tenemos tiempo para comer?
b. imaginarse
I suppose we should wash the dishes because they're starting to pile up.Me imagino que deberíamos lavar los platos porque están empezando a amontonarse.
c. imaginar
I suppose I got to the party around 10 pm.Imagino que llegué a la fiesta alrededor de las 10 pm.
d. creer
Do you suppose the restaurant on the corner will be open tonight?¿Crees que el restaurante de la esquina estará abierto esta noche?
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(to presuppose)
a. suponer
The contract supposes the agreement between the two parties.El contrato supone el acuerdo entre las dos partes.
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