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Quick answer
"Gravamen" is a noun which is often translated as "el fundamento principal de la acusación", and "tax" is a noun which is often translated as "el impuesto". Learn more about the difference between "gravamen" and "tax" below.
gravamen(
gruh
-
vey
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (legal)
a. el fundamento principal de la acusación
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
While Dean is suspected of many other crimes, the gravamen against him is tax fraud.Aunque se sospecha que Dean cometió muchos crímenes más, el fundamento principal de la acusación es el fraude fiscal.
b. el grueso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lawsuit focuses on racial discrimination as the gravamen of the worker's claim against the company.La demanda se enfoca en la discriminación racial que es el grueso de la queja del empleado contra la empresa.
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tax(
tahks
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (finance)
a. el impuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a 50% tax on imported footwear.Hay un impuesto de 50% sobre el calzado importado.
b. el tributo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
All motor vehicles must pay a tax for the right to drive on the streets.Todos los vehículos a motor deben pagar un tributo por el derecho de circular en la calle.
2. (strain)
a. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
All this bureaucracy is a real tax on our teachers.Toda esta burocracia es una verdadera carga para nuestros profesores.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (finance)
a. gravar
Under the regulations of the tax reform, food and medicines are taxed at five percent.Bajo los reglamentos de la reforma fiscal, la comida y los alimentos se gravan al cinco por ciento.
b. cobrar impuestos
The city taxes tourists by charging a bed tax in its hotels.La ciudad cobra impuestos a los turistas mediante un impuesto de cama en sus hoteles.
c. tasar
Local government can decide how and how much to tax its citizens in some countries.El gobierno local puede decidir cómo y cuánto tasar a sus ciudadanos en algunos países.
4. (to strain)
a. poner a prueba
The 200 days a year I spend traveling for business tax my marriage.Los 200 días al año que paso viajando por negocios pone a prueba mi matrimonio.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (finance)
a. fiscal
There are few tax incentives left for married couples.Quedan pocos incentivos fiscales para matrimonios.
b. tributario
The tax system doesn't offer much support to self-employed people.El sistema tributario no ofrece mucho apoyo a los autónomos.
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