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Quick answer
"Grated" is a form of "grate", a transitive verb which is often translated as "rallar". "Shredded" is a form of "shred", a noun which is often translated as "la tira". Learn more about the difference between "grated" and "shredded" below.
grate(
greyt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (culinary)
a. rallar
Grate a little chocolate over the top of the cake.Ralla un poco de chocolate encima de la torta.
2. (to scrape)
a. hacer chirriar
I hate it when the teacher grates the chalk over the blackboard.Me saca de quicio cuando el profesor hace chirriar la tiza en la pizarra.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to make a harsh noise)
a. rechinar
I heard a key grating in the lock.Oí rechinar una llave en la cerradura.
b. chirriar
The gate was rusty and grated on its hinges.El portón estaba herrumbrado y las bisagras chirriaban.
4. (to jar)
a. ser crispante
Her endless enthusiasm and cheerfulness sometimes grated on me.Su inagotable entusiasmo y alegría a veces eran crispantes.
b. poner de los nervios
His high-pitched voice really grates on me.Su voz aguda me pone de los nervios.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (fireplace)
a. la chimenea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a fire already laid in the grate.Ya había fuego encendido en la chimenea.
6. (metal grid)
a. la rejilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burning coal fell off the grate onto the floor of the hearth.Un pedazo de carbón ardiendo cayó de la rejilla al piso del hogar.
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shred(
shrehd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (torn piece)
a. la tira
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We recycled the shreds of paper we didn't use for the project.Reciclamos las tiras de papel que no usamos para el proyecto.
b. el jirón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(cloth)
My dog looked at me innocently next to my gloves which were in shreds.Mi perro me miraba con cara de inocente al lado de mis guantes que estaban hechos jirones.
c. el trozo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tailor cleaned up all the shreds of cloth that were on the floor.El sastre recogió todos los trozos de tela que estaban en el suelo.
d. la triza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cinderella's stepsisters tore her dress to shreds.Las hermanastras de la Cenicienta hicieron trizas su vestido.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(small amount)
a. la pizca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There wasn't even a shred of truth to their allegations.No había ni pizca de verdad en sus acusaciones.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to destroy)
a. triturar
We shred any documents older than seven years.Trituramos cualquier documento de más de siete años.
b. hacer tiras
Let's shred this version of the contract and use the updated one.Vamos a hacer tiras esta versión del contrato y usar la actualizada.
c. destruir
The senator's aides managed to shred the financial records before the inspectors arrived.Los ayudantes del senador consiguieron destruir los registros financieros antes de que llegaran los inspectores.
4. (culinary)
a. cortar en tiras
Shred the pork, and then add the barbecue sauce.Corta el cerdo en tiras, y después incorpora la salsa barbacoa.
b. rallar (with a grater)
I'm going to shred the cabbage for the soup.Voy a rallar la col para la sopa.
c. cortar en juliana
Would you shred the carrots for the salad?¿Cortarías las zanahorias en juliana para la ensalada?
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