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Quick answer
"Grasp" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "agarrar", and "reach" is a noun which is often translated as "el alcance". Learn more about the difference between "grasp" and "reach" below.
grasp(
grahsp
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to seize)
a. agarrar
I grasped her by the elbow to stop her going over to him.La agarré del codo para impedir que se acercara a él.
b. asir
The climber grasped the rope with both hands and pulled.El andinista asió la cuerda con las dos manos y jaló.
2. (to take advantadge of)
a. aprovechar
The secretary grasped the opportunity of the interruption to leave the room.La secretaria aprovechó la oportunidad de la interrupción para salir de la habitación.
3. (to hold firmly)
a. sujetar
Her aunt was grasping the book as if it would fly away.Su tía sujetaba el libro como si fuera a escaparse volando.
4. (to understand)
a. captar
The new receptionist quickly grasped what was expected of her.La nueva recepcionista captó rápidamente qué se esperaba de ella.
b. comprender
The government was slow to grasp the significance of these events.El gobierno tardó en comprender la importancia de estos eventos.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (hold)
a. el apretón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She felt a firm grasp on her arm.Sintió un firme apretón en el brazo.
6.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(reach)
a. el alcance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If we can overcome our prejudices, a solution is within our grasp.Si podemos superar nuestros prejuicios, tenemos una solución a nuestro alcance.
7. (understanding)
a. la comprensión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Given his age, your young son's grasp of these complicated concepts is impressive.Dada su edad, la comprensión que tiene su hijito de estos conceptos complejos es digna de admiración.
b. el entendimiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Incredibly enough, my mother has a stronger grasp of computers than I do.Increíblemente, mi madre tiene mejor entendimiento de las computadoras que yo.
8.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(power)
a. las garras
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I wanted to get the child out of that woman's grasp.Quería librar al niño de las garras de esa mujer.
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reach(
rich
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (range)
a. el alcance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Can you pass me the key? - I can't get it; it's out of my reach.¿Puedes pasarme la llave? - No llego; está fuera de mi alcance.
2. (stretch)
a. el tramo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He went walking with his dog through a beautiful reach of moorland.Se fue caminando con su perro por un tramo hermoso del páramo.
3. (understanding)
a. la comprensión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The principles of astrophysics are quite out of my reach.Los principios de la astrofísica están fuera de mi comprensión.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to touch)
a. alcanzar
You're so tall that I'm sure that you can reach the basketball hoop.Eres tan alta que seguro que alcanzas la canasta de baloncesto.
b. llegar a
If I stand on my tiptoes, I can reach the ceiling.Si me pongo de puntillas, llego al techo.
5. (to contact)
a. contactar
Have you tried to reach your grandfather by phone?¿Has intentado contactar a tu abuelo por teléfono?
b. ponerse en contacto con
I called my cousin many times to ask how she was, but I couldn't reach her.Llamé a mi prima muchas veces para ver cómo estaba, pero no conseguí ponerme en contacto con ella.
6. (to arrive at)
a. llegar a
We had to drive quickly to reach the campsite before it got dark.Tuvimos que conducir rápido para llegar al camping antes de que anocheciera.
7. (to get to)
a. alcanzar
The temperature is going to reach 80 degrees Fahrenheit today.La temperatura alcanzará los 80 grados Fahrenheit hoy.
b. llegar a
My grandmother reached 90 without ever having gone to the doctor.Mi abuela llegó a los 90 sin haber ido en la vida al doctor.
8. (to affect)
a. llegar a
This message has reached thousands of listeners.Este mensaje ha llegado a miles de radioyentes.
9. (to succeed in an endeavor)
a. llegar a
Have you reached an agreement?¿Han llegado a un acuerdo?
b. lograr
They reached their goal of selling one million copies of their album.Lograron su objetivo de vender un millón de copias de su álbum.
10.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to pass)
a. alcanzar
Can you reach me that plate, please?¿Me puedes alcanzar este plato, por favor?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to spread)
a. extenderse a
The spread of war has reached the south.La influencia de la guerra se ha extendido al sur.
12. (to be able to touch)
a. llegar
Can you help me? I can't reach.¿Podrías ayudarme? No llego.
b. alcanzar
I want to get that glass down but I can't reach.Quiero bajar ese vaso pero no alcanzo.
13. (to extend to)
a. llegar a
The sleeves reached to my elbows.Las mangas me llegaban a los codos.
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