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Quick answer
"Govern" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "gobernar", and "rule" is a noun which is often translated as "la regla". Learn more about the difference between "govern" and "rule" below.
govern(
guh
-
vuhrn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to rule)
a. gobernar
A military junta governed the country after the coup d'etat.Una junta militar gobernó el país después del golpe de estado.
2. (to restrain)
a. dominar
His ability to govern his emotions during crises has helped him achieve a lot in life.Su capacidad de dominar sus emociones en situaciones de crisis lo ha ayudado a lograr mucho en la vida.
3. (linguistics)
a. regir
The German preposition "durch" governs the accusative case.La preposición alemana "durch" rige el caso acusativo.
4. (to determine)
a. regular
Which law governs prenuptial agreements in the United States?¿Qué ley regula los acuerdos prenupciales en los Estados Unidos?
b. determinar
There are several factors that govern the currency exchange rate.Hay varios factores que determinan el tipo de cambio.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to rule)
a. gobernar
He governs with an eye toward the next campaign.Gobierna con la mirada puesta en la próxima campaña.
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rule(
rul
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (principle)
a. la regla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You must follow the rules of the game.Tienes que seguir las reglas del juego.
b. la norma
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You should study the traffic rules before you take the driver's test.Debes estudiar las normas de circulación antes de tomar la prueba de conducir.
2. (habit)
a. la norma
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This procedure has become the rule.Este procedimiento se ha convertido en la norma.
b. la regla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
As a general rule, I prefer books to movies.Por regla general, prefiero los libros antes que las películas.
c. la costumbre
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She makes it a rule to go to bed early every night.Tiene por costumbre irse a la cama temprano todas las noches.
3. (command)
a. el reinado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
During his rule, the king went to war several times.Durante su reinado, el rey tomó parte en varias guerras.
b. el gobierno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The military took over the rule of the country.Los militares se hicieron con el gobierno del país.
c. el dominio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
India was under British rule from 1857 to 1947.La India estuvo bajo el dominio británico de 1857 a 1947.
4. (measuring instrument)
a. la regla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Use a rule for your straight lines.Usa una regla para hacer las líneas rectas.
5. (mathematics)
a. la regla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Today we learned the rule of the order of operations.Hoy nos aprendimos la regla del orden de las operaciones.
6. (legal)
a. el reglamento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The case was not presented within the time dictated by the general rule of the court.El caso no fue presentado durante el plazo dictado por el reglamento general del tribunal.
7. (religious)
a. la regla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This church was founded under Franciscan rule.Este templo fue fundado bajo la regla franciscana.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to govern)
a. gobernar
The dictator ruled the country for 20 years.El dictador gobernó el país durante 20 años.
b. reinar en
King Cnut ruled England from 1017 to 1035.El rey Cnut reinó en Inglaterra desde 1017 hasta 1035.
9. (legal)
a. dictaminar
The judge ruled the offense to be very serious.El juez dictaminó que el delito era muy grave.
10. (to draw lines on)
a. pautar
Rule the paper lightly in pencil.Pauta el papel ligeramente con un lápiz.
11. (to dominate)
a. controlar
Don't let your impulses rule your life.No dejes que tus impulsos te controlen la vida.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to govern)
a. gobernar
The corrupt politicians ruled for over a decade.Los políticos corruptos gobernaron por más de una década.
b. reinar
The prince was never able to rule.El príncipe nunca llegó a reinar.
13. (legal)
a. fallar
The judge ruled in favor of the plaintiff.El juez falló a favor del demandante.
b. resolver
The jury ruled against the businessman.El jurado resolvió en contra del empresario.
14. (to predominate)
a. imperar
Minimalism ruled in the nineties.En los noventa imperaba el minimalismo.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be the best)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. arriba
The Vikings rule!¡Arriba los Vikingos!
b. rifar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
The Gallos rule!¡Los Gallos rifan!
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