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Quick answer
"Go up to" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "llegar hasta", and "approach" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "aproximarse". Learn more about the difference between "go up to" and "approach" below.
go up to(
go
 
uhp
 
tu
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to go as far as)
a. llegar hasta
This street goes up to city hall, and then the cathedral is just past that.Esta calle llega hasta el ayuntamiento, y justo después de eso está la catedral.
2. (to approach)
a. acercarse a
Pedro went up to the window to order an ice cream.Pedro se acercó a la ventanilla para pedir un helado.
3. (to extend to)
a. llegar hasta
The first volume goes up to the end of the Roman Empire.El primer volumen llega hasta finales del Imperio Romano.
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approach(
uh
-
proch
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to get near)
a. aproximarse
Hurry up! The train is approaching!¡Apúrate, que se aproxima el tren!
The plane is now approaching the boarding gate.El avión se aproxima a la puerta de embarque.
b. acercarse
The worst storm of the winter is approaching.Se acerca la peor tormenta del invierno.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to get near to)
a. acercarse a
My ex approached me in the street.Mi ex se acercó a mí en la calle.
b. aproximarse a
Look, that bear is approaching our tent.Mira, ese oso se aproxima a nuestra tienda de campaña.
3. (to speak to)
a. dirigirse a
You can't approach your boss with that attitude.No puedes dirigirte a tu jefe con esa actitud.
b. abordar
Who was that guy that approached you in the street?¿Quién fue ese hombre que te abordó en la calle?
4. (to tackle)
a. abordar
How we approach the situation will determine our success or failure.Cómo abordamos la situación va a determinar nuestro éxito o fracaso.
5. (to come close to)
a. acercarse a
Bethany is approaching 60 years of age.Bethany se acerca a los 60 años de edad.
b. aproximarse a
The number of students involved is approaching 2000.El número de estudiantes involucrados se aproxima a los 2000.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (imminent arrival)
a. la aproximación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The approach of the storm led to a mass evacuation.La aproximación de la tormenta provocó una evacuación masiva.
7. (method)
a. el enfoque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We reached the same conclusion but with a very different approach.Llegamos a la misma conclusión pero con un enfoque muy diferente.
b. el planteamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a very novel approach, but I doubt it will work.Es un planteamiento muy original, pero dudo que funcione.
8. (means of entering)
a. el acceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Traffic is heavy on the approaches to the airport.Hay mucho tráfico en los accesos al aeropuerto.
9. (offer)
a. la propuesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have made an approach that we consider fair for both parties.Hemos hecho una propuesta que consideramos justa para ambas partes.
10. (approximation)
a. la aproximación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With this album, the band makes an approach to true grandeur.Con este disco, el grupo hace una aproximación a la grandeza verdadera.
11. (sport)
a. el golpe de aproximación
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The golfer's approach ended up in the water.El golpe de aproximación del golfista acabó en el agua.
12. (aviation)
a. las maniobras de aproximación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The plane was on its final approach to the airport.El avión realizaba las últimas maniobras de aproximación al aeropuerto.
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