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Quick answer
"Go past" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "pasar", and "pass by" is an intransitive verb phrase which is also often translated as "pasar". Learn more about the difference between "go past" and "pass by" below.
go past(
go
 
pahst
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to go by)
a. pasar
Did you see my brother go past earlier?¿Viste a mi hermano pasar antes?
2. (to transpire)
a. pasar
As the weeks went past, Luke called less and less.Al paso que pasaban las semanas, Luke llamaba cada vez menos.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to go by)
a. pasar por
The bus goes past our house.El bus pasa por nuestra puerta.
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pass by(
pahs
 
bay
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to move past)
a. pasar
The beauty queen waved to everyone as she passed by in her float.La reina de belleza saludaba a todo el mundo con la mano al pasar en su carroza.
2. (to transpire)
a. pasar
Before we knew it, the night had passed by, and it was morning.Antes de que nos diéramos cuenta, la noche había pasado y estaba amaneciendo.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to abandon)
a. dejar al margen
The rapidly changing business world has passed by those companies that have been unable to adapt.Los cambios vertiginosos en el mundo de los negocios han dejado al margen a las empresas que no han podido adaptarse.
b. dejar fuera de juego
Don't let all this pass you by.No permitas que todo esto te deje fuera de juego.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Life was passing him by, or at least that's what he felt.No estaba disfrutando de la vida, o al menos así se sentía.
She couldn't let the chance of a lifetime pass her by.No podía dejar pasar la oportunidad de su vida.
4. (to go near)
a. pasar por
The peanut vendor passed by my window without my realizing it.El manisero pasó por mi ventana sin que me diera cuenta.
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