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Quick answer
"Go on a diet" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "ponerse a dieta", and "be on a diet" is a phrase which is often translated as "estar a dieta". Learn more about the difference between "go on a diet" and "be on a diet" below.
go on a diet(
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An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to follow a diet)
a. ponerse a dieta
You put on a lot of weight. You should go on a diet.Engordaste mucho. Deberías ponerte a dieta.
b. ponerse a régimen
You don't need to go on a diet if you exercise.No necesitas ponerte a régimen si haces ejercicio.
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
2. (imperative; used to address one person)
a. ponte a dieta
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
If you want to lose weight, go on a diet.Si quieres perder peso, ponte a dieta.
b. ponte a régimen
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
You hardly fit in the car, Henry. Go on a diet, man!Apenas cabes en el carro, Henry. ¡Ponte a régimen, mano!
c. póngase a dieta
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Mr. Hall, I must insist. Go on a diet. Otherwise you could develop a heart disease.Sr. Hall, debo insistirle. Póngase a dieta. De lo contrario, podría desarrollar una enfermedad cardíaca.
d. póngase a régimen
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
You need to lose weight, Mrs. Abbot. Do some exercise or go on a diet.Necesita perder peso, Sra. Abbot. Haga ejercicio o póngase a régimen.
3. (imperative; used to address multiple people)
a. pónganse a dieta (plural)
You don't look very fit, guys. Do some excercise or go on a diet.No parecen muy en forma, chicos. Hagan ejercicio o pónganse a dieta.
b. pónganse a régimen (plural)
The man on the TV kept telling the viewers "Go on a diet!"El tipo de la tele no paraba de decir a los espectadores "¡Pónganse a régimen!".
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be on a diet(
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an
 
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day
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iht
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. estar a dieta
I am on a diet. I have never wanted chocolate more than right now.Estoy a dieta. Jamás he querido chocolate más que ahora.
b. estar a régimen
I am on a diet. - I'm so sorry.Estoy a régimen. - Lo siento mucho.
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