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Quick answer
"Give out" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "repartir", and "distribute" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "distribuir". Learn more about the difference between "give out" and "distribute" below.
give out(
gihv
 
aut
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to distribute)
a. repartir
The teacher asked me to give out the exercise books.La profesora me pidió que repartiera los cuadernos.
b. distribuir
Party members were outside the station, giving out leaflets about the campaign.Los miembros del partido estaban en la entrada de la estación, distribuyendo panfletos sobre la campaña.
2. (to emit)
a. emitir
The light given out by this star has taken over a thousand years to reach Earth.La luz emitida por esta estrella tardó más de mil años en llegar a la Tierra.
b. dar
There was only a small electric fire which didn't give out much heat.Había solo una pequeña estufa eléctrica que no daba mucho calor.
3. (to make known)
a. anunciar
The family gave out that their son had died on the expedition.La familia anunció que su hijo murió durante la expedición.
b. divulgar
This is not the sort of news we want to give out to all and sundry.Este no es el tipo de noticia que queremos divulgar a todo el mundo.
4. (to let out)
a. dar
Jeff gave out a yell of pain and dropped the hot pan.Jeff dio un grito de dolor y dejó caer la olla caliente.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to stop working)
a. fallar
The cat had to be put to sleep when its kidneys gave out.Tuvimos que sacrificar al gato cuando le fallaron los riñones.
b. pararse
There was nothing wrong with her that we knew of. Her heart just gave out one day.No tenía nada que nosotros supiéramos. Sencillamente, un día se le paró el corazón.
6. (to become exhausted)
a. agotarse
My strength had given out and I knew I couldn't swim much further.Se me había agotado la fuerza y sabía que no podía seguir nadando.
b. acabarse
We have enough for the moment, but what are we going to do when the money gives out?Por ahora nos basta, pero ¿qué vamos a hacer cuando se acabe el dinero?
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distribute(
dihs
-
trih
-
byut
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to hand out)
a. distribuir
Sarah distributed flyers to all her neighbors to invite them to a neighborhood meeting.Sarah distribuyó volantes a todos sus vecinos para invitarlos a una junta del vecindario.
b. repartir
The relief organization distributed 9,000 food parcels in the famine zone.La organización de ayuda repartió 9,000 paquetes de alimentos en la zona de hambruna.
2. (to share out)
a. repartir
The company plans to distribute $50,000,000 in dividends.La empresa planea repartir $50,000,000 en dividendos.
b. distribuir
The team leader distributed responsibilities amongst the team.El líder del equipo distribuyó las responsabilidades entre el equipo.
3. (commerce)
a. distribuir
Firms distribute their products through different channels.Las empresas distribuyen sus productos a través de diferentes canales.
4. (to spread out)
a. distribuir
Distribute the frosting evenly on the cake.Distribuya el baño parejo sobre el pastel.
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