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Quick answer
"Get dark" is a phrase which is often translated as "oscurecer", and "darken" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "oscurecer". Learn more about the difference between "get dark" and "darken" below.
get dark(
geht
 
dark
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. oscurecer
Let's go back home before it gets dark.Regresamos a casa antes de que oscurezca.
b. anochecer
Owls appear when it gets dark.Los búhos aparecen cuando anochece.
c. hacerse de noche
In summer it gets dark later, around ten.En verano se hace de noche más tarde, cerca de las diez.
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darken
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make dark)
a. oscurecer
The electrician shut off the lights and darkened the building.El electricista apagó las luces y oscureció el edificio.
2. (to make somber)
a. ensombrecer
The bad news darkened the festivities.Las malas noticias ensombrecieron las festividades.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to become dark)
a. oscurecerse
The room darkened as the sun started to set.El cuarto se oscureció cuando el sol empezó a ponerse.
b. nublarse (sky)
The sky darkened and we knew that a storm was approaching.El cielo se nubló y supimos que se acercaba una tormenta.
4. (to become somber)
a. ensombrecerse
Everybody's mood darkened when we found out that we didn't receive the grant.Los humores de todos se ensombrecieron cuando nos enteramos de que no habíamos recibido la beca.
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