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Quick answer
"Gerund" is a noun which is often translated as "el gerundio", and "avoid" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "evitar". Learn more about the difference between "gerund" and "avoid" below.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (grammar)
a. el gerundio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, you can turn a verb into a gerund by adding -ing.En inglés, se puede convertir un verbo en un gerundio por añadir -ing.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to stay away from)
a. evitar
I avoid her ever since we had that argument.La evito desde que tuvimos esa discusión.
b. eludir
They tried to avoid any responsibility.Intentaron eludir toda responsabilidad.
c. esquivar
The captain changed course to avoid the iceberg.El capitán cambió el rumbo para esquivar el iceberg.
d. sortear
Flash Gordon moves so fast he avoids any bullets fired at him.Flash Gordon se mueve tan rápido que sortea todas las balas que le disparan.
2. (to prevent yourself from doing)
a. evitar
Above all, avoid drawing attention to yourself.Sobre todo, evita llamar la atención.
3. (to prevent something)
a. evitar
The best way to avoid disappointment is to not expect anything from anyone.La mejor forma de evitar la decepción es no esperar nada de nadie.
b. eludir
The mountain lion managed to avoid capture.El puma logró eludir su captura.
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