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Quick answer
"Gauge" is a noun which is often translated as "el calibre", and "budget" is a noun which is often translated as "el presupuesto". Learn more about the difference between "gauge" and "budget" below.
gauge(
geyj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (weaponry)
a. el calibre
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This shotgun is perfect for home defense, but you will want one with a bigger gauge for hunting.Esta escopeta es perfecta para protección, pero para cazar necesitarás un calibre más grande.
2. (measuring instrument)
a. el indicador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fuel gauge indicates that we're running out of gas.Según el indicador de combustible, nos estamos quedando sin gasolina.
b. el calibrador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The agricultural engineer used a gauge to measure the height of grass.El ingeniero agrónomo midió la altura del pasto con un calibrador.
3. (distance between rails)
a. la entrevía
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The gauge is narrow because it is for mine carts, not for trains.La entrevía es angosta porque es para vagonetas de mina, no para trenes.
b. la trocha
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
We cannot use trains built in Asia because they require a broader gauge.No podemos usar trenes construidos en Asia porque necesitan una trocha más ancha.
c. el ancho de vía
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The standard gauge was established during the expansion of railroads across the country.El ancho de vía estándar se estableció durante la expansión del ferrocarril por todo el país.
4. (tool)
a. el expansor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The best gauges for your ears are the surgical steel ones.Los mejores expansores para las orejas son los de acero quirúrgico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to measure)
a. medir
The scale and the mirror don't gauge your fitness progress accurately.La báscula y el espejo no pueden medir si estás mejorando tu salud.
b. calcular
Gauge the distance between the microphone and the speakers to avoid feedback.Calcula la distancia entre el micrófono y las bocinas para evitar la retroalimentación.
6. (to assess)
a. estimar
Gauge the mood of the audience with a joke and adjust your routine accordingly.Estima el estado de ánimo de la audiencia con un chiste y modifica tu número de acuerdo a su reacción.
b. juzgar
We gauged the capabilities of all the candidates, but none of them met our requirements.Juzgamos las aptitudes de todos los candidatos, pero ninguno cumplió con nuestras expectativas.
c. evaluar
Sally gauged the character of his date by the way he treated the waiter.Sally evaluó la personalidad de su cita analizando cómo trataba al mesero.
7. (to enlarge)
a. expandir (ear piercing)
It took me about a month to gauge my ears.Me tomó como un mes expandirme las perforaciones de las orejas.
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budget(
buh
-
jiht
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (spending plan)
a. el presupuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We will vote to approve the budget at the annual meeting.Votaremos para aprobar el presupuesto en la junta anual.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to allocate money)
a. presupuestar
We budgeted $15,000 a month for building maintenance.Presupuestamos 15,000 dólares al mes para el mantenimiento de los edificios.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to plan expenditures)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The committee will discuss how much to budget for gardening.El comité discutirá qué presupuesto asignar para la jardinería.
We budgeted for all known expenses, as well as ten percent for surprises.Contemplamos todos los gastos posibles en el presupuesto, más un diez por ciento para imprevistos.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (cheap)
a. económico
Here's a list of budget hotels.Esta es una lista de hoteles económicos.
b. de bajo coste
Budget airlines allow more people to travel.Las aerolíneas de bajo coste permiten que más gente viaje.
5. (of a budget)
a. presupuestario
Increased employment will reduce the budget deficit.El aumento del empleo reducirá el déficit presupuestario.
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