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Quick answer
"Garbage" is a noun which is often translated as "la basura", and "litter" is a noun which is also often translated as "la basura". Learn more about the difference between "garbage" and "litter" below.
garbage(
gar
-
bihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (refuse)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Would you mind leaving the garbage out at the curb for pickup?¿Te importaría dejar la basura en el bordillo para que la recojan?
b. los desechos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Composting is a way to convert organic garbage into something useful.El compostaje es una buena manera de convertir los desechos orgánicos en algo útil.
2. (worthless things)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la porquería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The movie is garbage compared to the book.La película es una porquería en comparación con el libro.
b. los disparates
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The managers were talking garbage about their employees' work.Los gerentes estaban diciendo disparates sobre el trabajo de sus empleados.
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litter(
lih
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (trash)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had to pick up litter on the side of the highway as a punishment for painting graffiti on the church.Tuvo que recoger basura del costado de la autopista como castigo por pintar grafitis en la iglesia.
2. (zoology)
a. la camada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There were eight kittens in the litter.Había ocho gatitos en la camada.
b. la cría
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dog's litter was playing in the yard while she rested.La cría de la perra estaba jugando en el jardín mientras ella descansaba.
3. (bedding for animals)
a. el lecho de paja
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I found the cow lying in the litter.Encontré la vaca acostada en el lecho de paja.
4. (material for cat's waste)
a. la arena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think it's about time to change the cat's litter because it reeks.Creo que ya toca cambiar la arena del gato porque apesta.
5.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(vehicle)
a. la litera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The emperor's litter arrived, and his servants lowered it the ground.La litera del emperador llegó y sus sirvientes la depositaron en el suelo.
6. (medicine)
a. la camilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The nurses carried the wounded soldiers into the tent on litters.Las enfermeras cargaron a los soldados heridos en camillas a la tienda.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura en
The fans littered the streets after the team's victory.Los hinchas tiraron basura en las calles después de la victoria del equipo.
8. (to make disorganized)
a. esparcir por
As soon as he arrived, he opened his suitcase and littered the room with his clothes.En cuanto llegó, abrió la valija y esparció su ropa por toda la habitación.
b. llenar de
When I got back home, the children had littered the living room floor with toys.Cuando regresé a casa, los niños habían llenado el suelo de la sala de estar de juguetes.
9. (to provide with bedding)
a. hacer un lecho para
We littered the baby raccoon we found in the woods.Hicimos un lecho para el mapachito que encontramos en el bosque.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura
Max had to pay a fine because he littered in the park.Max tuvo que pagar una multa porque tiró basura en el parque.
11. (zoology)
a. parir
We finally found the cat, and she had littered underneath the barn.Por fin encontramos a la gata y había parido debajo del granero.
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