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Quick answer
"Garbage" is a noun which is often translated as "la basura", and "junk" is a noun which is often translated as "la chatarra". Learn more about the difference between "garbage" and "junk" below.
garbage(
gar
-
bihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (refuse)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Would you mind leaving the garbage out at the curb for pickup?¿Te importaría dejar la basura en el bordillo para que la recojan?
b. los desechos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Composting is a way to convert organic garbage into something useful.El compostaje es una buena manera de convertir los desechos orgánicos en algo útil.
2. (worthless things)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la porquería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The movie is garbage compared to the book.La película es una porquería en comparación con el libro.
b. los disparates
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The managers were talking garbage about their employees' work.Los gerentes estaban diciendo disparates sobre el trabajo de sus empleados.
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junk(
juhngk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (worthless things)
a. la chatarra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you think anyone's going to buy all this junk at the garage sale?¿Crees que alguien vaya a comprar toda esta chatarra en la venta de garaje?
b. la porquería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What's this junk doing on the floor? - It's not junk; it's the cat's toys.¿Qué hacen estas porquerías en el suelo? - No son porquerías, son los juguetes del gato.
c. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Your room is full of junk! Choose what you want to keep.¡Tu cuarto está lleno de basura! Escoge lo que quieres conservar.
d. el cachivache
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm not sure if even a pawn shop will buy this junk.No sé si una casa de empeños comprará estos cachivaches.
e. el trasto viejo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We should put all this junk in boxes and store it in the lumber room.Deberíamos poner todos estos trastos viejos en cajas y guardarlos en el trastero.
2. (culinary)
a. la comida chatarra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Eating junk all the time will eventually make you sick.Comer comida chatarra todo el tiempo eventualmente va a hacer que te enfermes.
b. la porquería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We watched movies and ate junk the whole weekend.Vimos películas y comimos porquerías todo el fin de semana.
3. (boat)
a. el junco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The natives built a junk to move between the islands.Los nativos construyeron un junco para moverse entre las islas.
4.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(heroin)
a. el caballo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
They got over their adiction to junk five years ago.Superaron su adicción al caballo hace cinco años.
5.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(male genitalia)
a. el paquete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
The exhibitionist stood in front of me with his junk hanging out for all to see.El exhibicionista se paró en frente de mí enseñando su paquete para que todos lo vieran.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to throw away)
a. tirar
Did you junk my old trousers? I loved them!¿Tiraste mis pantalones viejos? ¡Me encantaban!
b. tirar a la basura
Those clothes are as good as new; we should donate them instead of junk them.Esa ropa está como nueva; deberíamos donarla en lugar de tirarla a la basura.
c. desechar
If the pen has no ink, junk it and buy a new one.Si la pluma no tiene tinta, deséchala y compra una nueva.
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