Quick answer
"Future" is a noun which is often translated as "el futuro", and "past" is a noun which is often translated as "el pasado". Learn more about the difference between "future" and "past" below.
future(
fyu
-
chuhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time ahead)
a. el futuro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In the not too distant future, the Internet could be accessible from anywhere.En un futuro no muy lejano, tal vez se pueda acceder a Internet desde cualquier sitio.
2. (prospects)
a. el futuro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is no future in this profession.En esta profesión no hay futuro.
b. el porvenir
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He worked very hard to build a future for himself.Trabajó muy duro para labrarse un porvenir.
3. (grammar)
a. el futuro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
As homework, write five sentences in the future.Como tarea, escriban cinco frases en el futuro.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (coming)
a. futuro
My future husband was born in Puerto Rico.Mi futuro marido nació en Puerto Rico.
5. (grammar)
a. futuro
In this exercise, you have to conjugate the verb in the future perfect tense.En este ejercicio, tienes que conjugar el verbo en el tiempo futuro perfecto.
futures
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (economy)
a. los futuros
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We offer you a simple way to invest in futures.Le ofrecemos una forma sencilla de invertir en futuros.
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past(
pahst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time before the present)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That belongs in the past. It's time to move on.Eso pertenece al pasado. Es hora de seguir adelante.
2. (of a city or country)
a. la historia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country is finding it difficult to break free from its past.Al país le está resultando difícil liberarse de su historia.
3. (grammar)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, the past of regular verbs is formed by adding -ed at the end.En inglés, el pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo -ed al final.
b. el pretérito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The past is used to describe repeated past actions.El pretérito se usa para describir acciones repetidas en el pasado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (former)
a. anterior
He starts by reviewing past research on the subject.Empieza por revisar las anteriores investigaciones sobre el tema.
b. antiguo
The past and current presidents met to discuss the initiative.El antiguo presidente y el actual presidente se reunieron para discutir la iniciativa.
5. (most recent)
a. último
Prices have increased during the past year.Los precios han subido durante el último año.
6. (over)
a. remoto
Those days are long past.Aquellos tiempos ya son muy remotos.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
7. (with place)
a. por delante de
The bus goes past the park.El bus pasa por delante del parque.
b. mas allá de
My house is just past the bridge.Mi casa está un poco más allá del puente.
8. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past two.Son las dos y diez.
9. (outside the range of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How old is he? - He can't be past 25.¿Cuántos años tiene? - No puede tener más de 25.
I wouldn't put it past him to use force.Yo lo creo muy capaz de recurrir a la fuerza.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
10. (with verbs of motion)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Bullets were whizzing past.La balas pasaban zumbando.
They drove past the store to see if it was open.Pasaron en coche por la tienda a ver si estaba abierta.
11. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past already.Ya son y diez.
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