Quick answer
"Freshman" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la estudiante de primer año", and "senior" is an adjective which is often translated as "mayor". Learn more about the difference between "freshman" and "senior" below.
freshman(
frehsh
-
mihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante de primer año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante de primer año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high school or university)
I was a freshman in high school when I decided that I wanted to become a mathematician.Era estudiante de primer año de secundaria cuando decidí que quería ser matemático.
2. (novice)
a. el novato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la novata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Back when I was a freshman in this business, I made a lot of mistakes.Cuando era novato en el sector, cometí muchos errores.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (inexperienced)
a. nuevo (senator or manager)
Some people think the freshman senator lacks the experience to be president.Hay quien cree que al nuevo senador le falta experiencia para ser presidente.
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senior(
si
-
nyuhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (older)
a. mayor
She is three years senior to him.Ella es tres años mayor que él.
b. padre
Allow me to introduce you to Arnold Junior and Arnold Senior.Permítame presentarle a Arnold, hijo y Arnold, padre.
2. (of high rank)
a. superior
Esteban is a senior officer at the organization.Esteban es un oficial superior en la organización.
b. de responsabilidad (position)
Only two women occupy senior positions within the company.Solo dos mujeres ocupan cargos de responsabilidad en la empresa.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (senior citizen)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la persona mayor
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a painting class for seniors at the community center.Hay una clase de pintura para personas mayores en el centro comunitario.
b. la persona de la tercera edad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Is there a discount for seniors?¿Hay un descuento para las personas de la tercera edad?
4. (person older than someone)
a. mayor
She is ten years his senior.Ella es diez años mayor que él.
5. (person of higher rank)
a. el superior
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need to get authorization from my senior first.Antes necesito autorización de mi superior.
6. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estudiante del último año
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la estudiante del último año
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Ryan is a senior at Harvard.Ryan es un estudiante del último año en Harvard.
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