Quick answer
"Fourth" is an adjective which is often translated as "cuarto", and "second" is a noun which is often translated as "el segundo". Learn more about the difference between "fourth" and "second" below.
fourth(
fawrth
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. cuarto
This is the fourth time this has happened.Esta es la cuarta vez que esto ha sucedido.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (in a series)
a. el cuarto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la cuarta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's had a few whiskeys already. I think that's his fourth.Ya se ha tomado unos cuantos whiskys. Creo que ese el cuarto.
3. (in dates)
a. el cuatro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What date is it today? - It's the fourth.¿A qué fecha estamos hoy? - Es el cuatro.
4. (fraction)
a. el cuarto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You had a fourth of the cake by yourself.Te comiste un cuarto de la torta solo.
b. la cuarta parte
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A fourth of the revenue was used to remodel the office.Una cuarta parte de las ganancias se usó para remodelar la oficina.
5. (music)
a. la cuarta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(interval)
You sang that bit incorrectly. It's a fourth, not a fifth.Has cantado mal ese trozo. Es una cuarta, no una quinta.
6. (automobile)
a. la cuarta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(gear)
He was approaching the bend in fourth.Estaba entrando en la curva en cuarta.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (before a superlative)
a. cuarto
Houston is the fourth largest city in the United States.Houston es la cuarta ciudad más grande de los Estados Unidos.
8. (in a competition)
a. en cuarto lugar
Arsenal finished fourth in the Premier League this season.Arsenal acabó en cuarto lugar en la Liga Premier esta temporada.
9. (in a series)
a. en cuarto lugar
Fourth—don't interrupt me—fourth, you have to start helping around the house.En cuarto lugar—no me interrumpas—en cuarto lugar, tienes que empezar a ayudar en casa.
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second(
sehk
-
uhnd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This car goes from 0 to 60 miles per hour in three seconds.Este carro acelera de 0 a 60 millas por hora en tres segundos.
2. (brief moment)
a. el instante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Come here right this second!¡Ven aquí este instante!
b. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That second, I decided to make some changes in my life.Ese segundo, decidí hacer algunos cambios en mi vida.
3. (in a series)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la segunda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first place winner finished two minutes before the second.El ganador del primer lugar finalizó dos minutos antes del segundo.
4. (in dates)
a. el dos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Today is the second of December.Hoy es el dos de diciembre.
5. (in a competition or dispute)
a. el segundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(boxing)
The boxer's second tried to close the cut after a brutal round.El segundo del boxeador intentó cerrar la herida después de una ronda brutal.
b. el padrino
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(duel)
Who was Alexander Hamilton's second?¿Quién fue el padrino de Alexander Hamilton?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (ordinal number)
a. segundo
Our second option is to take a taxi.Nuestra segunda opción es tomar un taxi.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (before a superlative)
a. segundo
They live in the second largest house on the block.Viven en la segunda casa más grande de la cuadra.
8. (in a competition)
a. en segundo lugar
Real Madrid finished second in the league to their eternal rivals.El Real Madrid terminó en segundo lugar por debajo de sus rivales eternos.
9. (in a series)
a. en segundo lugar
First, it's too expensive. Second, it's just a bad idea.Primero, es demasiado costoso. Y en segundo lugar, es simplemente una mala idea.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to agree with)
a. secundar
I second the notion that the law should be abolished.Secundo la idea de que la ley debe ser abolida.
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