Quick answer
"Forgive" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perdonar", and "pardon" is a noun which is often translated as "el perdón". Learn more about the difference between "forgive" and "pardon" below.
forgive(
fuhr
-
gihv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. perdonar
Can you forgive me for what I did to you?¿Puedes perdonarme por lo que te hice?
b. disculpar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I hope you can forgive me for losing your cellphone.Ojalá me puedas disculpar por haber perdido tu celular.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to pardon)
a. perdonar
Sometimes you just have to forgive and forget.A veces lo que hace falta es perdonar y olvidar.
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pardon(
par
-
dihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (forgiveness)
a. el perdón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I begged his pardon for my mistake.Le pedí perdón por mi error.
2. (legal)
a. el indulto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rebels were granted a pardon and set free.Los rebeldes recibieron un indulto y fueron liberados.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to forgive)
a. perdonar
Pardon me, could you tell me where the police station is?Perdóneme, ¿podría decirme dónde está la comisaría?
4. (legal)
a. indultar
The king pardoned the criminals for their crimes.El rey indultó a los delincuentes por sus crímenes.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (sorry)
a. perdón
Pardon? Could you repeat what you said?¿Perdón? ¿Puedes repetir lo que dijiste?
b. cómo
Pardon? I couldn't hear you over the noise of the train.¿Cómo? No te pude escuchar por el ruido del tren.
c. qué
I'm going to give away my fortune and become a pilgrim. - Pardon? Are you crazy or what?Voy a regalar mi fortuna y convertirme en peregrino. - ¿Qué? ¿Estás loco?
d. mande
Please take the luggage upstairs. - Pardon? Where?Por favor, lleva el equipaje arriba. - ¿Mande? ¿Adónde?
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