Quick answer
"Foreword" is a noun which is often translated as "el prólogo", and "preface" is a noun which is often translated as "el prefacio". Learn more about the difference between "foreword" and "preface" below.
foreword
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
a. el prólogo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The professor asked one of his colleagues to write the foreword for his book.El profesor le pidió a uno de sus colegas que escribiera el prólogo de su libro.
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preface
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (written introduction)
a. el prefacio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The preface to his autobiography ended up being the most controversial part of the book.El prefacio de su autobiografía terminó siendo la parte más controvertida del libro.
b. el prólogo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Kathy's former professor wrote the preface to her textbook.El antiguo profesor de Kathy escribió el prólogo de su libro de texto.
2. (spoken introduction)
a. el preámbulo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After a short preface, Mary began her very long story on how she had met her husband.Tras un breve preámbulo, Mary comenzó su extenso relato acerca de cómo había conocido a su marido.
b. el prólogo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The preface to his speech turned out to be prophetic.El prólogo de su discurso resultó ser profético.
3. (preceding event)
a. el prólogo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The arrival of Mr. James turned out to be the preface to a series of fortuitous events.La llegada del Sr. James resultó ser el prólogo de una serie de eventos fortuitos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to introduce)
a. prologar
A former president prefaced the candidate's book.Un expresidente prologó el libro del candidato.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His goal was the preface to a comeback.Su gol fue el prólogo de una remontada.
Sarah prefaced her explanation by saying, "This is going to be grossly general."Sarah dijo a modo de prólogo, "Esto va a ser demasiado general".
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